Friday, 29 August 2014

JCU's NAIDOC in September

NAIDOC Week is a time to celebrate the history, culture and achievements of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. NAIDOC is celebrated by all Australians and is a great opportunity to participate in activities to support our local Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community.

NAIDOC originally stood for ‘National Aborigines and Islanders Day Observance Committee’. This committee was once responsible for organising national activities during NAIDOC Week and its acronym has since become the name of the week itself. 

JCU holds NAIDOC Week events in September with campus activities and awards because many JCU staff and students are on semester break in July. Make sure you  check out event times for the annual Mabo Lecture, free movie screenings and other activities.

A display of items from the main and special collections can be viewd at the Mabo Library (Townsville). Items are available to view and borrow and many titles touch on the 2014 NAIDOC theme honouring all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men and women who have fought in defence of country. From the warriors in the Frontier Wars to the warriors who have served with honour and pride in Australia’s military conflicts and engagements across the globe. 

Thursday, 28 August 2014

Latest Updates for Browzine

"BrowZine is a no-brainer to me.  It's one of the few library-related tools that actually behaves according to today's user's expectations for what their devices and resources should be able to do."
-Elizabeth L. Winter
Asst. Department Head & Electronic Resources Coordinator
Georgia Tech Library, Georgia Institute of Technology


What Is Browzine and how you get it...

BrowZine Updates

Android Full-Screen Rotation

Android tablet users may now view BrowZine in portrait or landscape mode.

In-App Support
BrowZine now incorporates a support library.  If you have a question while using BrowZine, simply tap on the Settings button.  In Settings, tap on Support to browse our FAQ or email Browzine directly.


iOS Minimum Requirements
With the release of BrowZine version 1.6.0, BrowZine requires iOS 7.x or newer to run on iPad, iPhone and iPad Touch devices.  Existing iPad 1 users will still be able to use BrowZine, but future updates will not be available.  BrowZine for the iPad 1 will continue for some time before finally being sunset at some point in the future.  

New Content

Browzine continues to add support for many publishers.  Recent additions include:
  • ACRL (Association of College & Research Libraries)
  • ASABE (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers)
  • Association of Learned & Professional Society Publishers
  • Canadian Society of BioEngineering
See their website for the latest list of supported publishers.

Wednesday, 27 August 2014

Exodus by JCU lecturer Dr. Robyn Glade-Wright: A Fragile Beauty, Coral Bleaching and Heat Stress

Exodus by JCU lecturer Dr. Robyn Glade-Wright is now on display on the first floor of the Cairns campus library.  As Robyn writes in her artist’s statement, “Exodus is an artwork produced in response to the silent and largely unseen loss of life of a significant part of the once majestic reef.”  The display is a representation of coral bleaching, made from found objects washed up on the seashore and from Robyn’s garden.  For a full artist’s statement visit:

JCU Library and Information Services can be contacted for use of common space areas for exhibitions or book launches read The Library Exhibitions Guidelines by emailing Management can then evaluate the suitability of timing and space requirements.

Tuesday, 26 August 2014

The LOCKSS Principle: Lots Of Copies Keeps Stuff Safe

Are you the kind of person who has your entire life save to a USB drive?

Do you have that USB drive backed up anywhere?

We often have lost USBs handed in at the Library, but we also have many people come and ask us for USBs that haven't been handed in.

USB drives are easy to lose.  They are also easy to leave in your pocket when you put your clothes in the wash.  And they can develop faults that make the data irretrievable.

Having all of your stuff saved on one USB drive is just not a smart move.

Having all of your stuff saved on one computer is also pretty dangerous.

It's a great idea to have more than one copy of anything important - especially around assignment time.

As you are working on your assignments, save your work regularly to your USB drive, and remember to occasionally save a copy to your DropBox, Google Drive or OneDrive - or, at the very least, email a copy of it to yourself.

Regularly save copies of all of your important files to your computer, another USB drive or to the cloud.

Remember the LOCKSS principle:

Lots Of Copies Keeps Stuff Safe

Referencing Help

We have reached that time of semester when many assignments are due.  Are you having trouble with the referencing component of your assignment...?

See library staff at InfoHelp in Cairns and Townsville for assistance. You can also come along to the Eddie Koiki Mabo Library (Townsville campus) and consult with a dedicated referencing expert on weekdays at the InfoHelp Desk between 11am to 3pm.

Don't forget that you can always cross check your references against the examples in the Referencing LibGuide and find out how to format APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA or Vancouver in-text citations and reference lists.

Monday, 25 August 2014

Open Day 2014: Spine Poetry

For JCU Open Day 2014 Cairns and Townsville held spine poetry competitions. Participants were invited to use the titles from book spines to make a poem.

Congratulations to the winner of the 3rd Annual Spine Poetry Competition at Cairns!  11-year old Catherine is the proud owner of a new iPad Mini after Associate Professor Richard Lansdown judged this as the winning poem out of 41 entries!

The Cairns winner's entry is pictured here and you can check out some of the 64 entries from Townsville on the JCU Library Facebook page.

Trial of new databases: National Geographic Virtual Library

If you love an engaging read about humanity and the natural world with stunning photography, JCU Library services is doing a temporary trial of National Geographic Virtual Library

Trial of new databases.Temporary trial access to electronic services which may be of value to James Cook University is made available when the opportunity arises; this does not imply that the University will necessarily subscribe. Observations or comments (positive and negative) on the trials and value of the services are always appreciated and may be directed to the Faculty and School Librarians.  Alternatively, you can complete our online Database Trial Feedback form. Where the trial and further negotiation shows the service to be valuable, affordable, in demand and when sufficient funds are available, the University may subscribe.

Naxos Music Library

Did you know the JCU Library subscribes to an online music database?

The Naxos Music Library contains a large number of albums from Naxos's CD library, as well as some CDs from other labels as well.  You can listen to entire albums online, through the JCU subscription.

Genres include classical music, jazz, folk, world, spoken word, Chinese music and even some pop recordings.

The best part is - the Naxos database is searchable through One Search.

Do a search for what you want to hear (say, Mozart, "wind quintets" or "Fats Domino") and then use the Content Type (in the grey bar down the right side of the screen) to narrow your search to Music Recording.

Click on the link, plug in your earphones and away you go.

Naxos does list some albums that aren't part of our subscription, so occasionally you'll find something you can't listen to, but you'd be surprised how much music you can hear - online, anywhere in the world, through your JCU Library.

Friday, 22 August 2014

Special Collections Celebrates National Science Week: Age of Discovery and Astronomical Observations and Navigation

Astronomical Observations and Navigation

Figure 1. The kind of telescope (left) and astronomical quadrant (right) Cook and Green used on the Endeavour voyage. In the centre is an image of the Transit of Venus in 2012.
The measurement of longitude is important both to cartography and ocean navigation. Latitude is relatively easy to determine using a quadrant or astrolabe (above right), because latitude is always at right angles to the earth rotation. Longitude is more difficult to determine because it is a moving target as the earth rotates over a period of a day, and thus to be measured relative to a given standard, commonly Greenwich Mean Time. Before John Harrison invented his sea clock with a large balance wheel to cope with a ship's movement, longitude could not be measured on board a ship. See Dava Sobel's book, Longitude: the true story of a lone genius who solved the greatest scientific problem of his time. Captain James Cook used one of Harrison clocks on his second and third world voyages, but not on the Endeavour voyage.
Figure 2. Chart of the Island of Otaheite (Tahiti) with Point Venus located beneath the red star. This is where they documented the Transit of Venus (Hawkesworth, 1773, Vol. 2 and online at the Internet Archive).
The Endeavour and its crew were commissioned by the Royal Society of London primarily to record the Transit of Venus in Tahiti in order to calculate longitude at that point (See Point Venus on the map above). Transits of Venus occur in a pattern that repeats every 243 years with pairs of transits eight years apart separated by gaps of 121.5 years and 105.5 years. The last six transits of Venus were recorded in 1639, 1761, 1769, 1874, 1882, 2004  and the most recent one on June 6, 2012, watched by Australians on television!   
Figure 3. Fort Venus on the Island of Otaheite (Tahiti or King George's Island), a drawing by Sydney Parkinson, the artist on board the Endeavour and in the employ of Sir Joseph Banks. They constructed the fort to protect themselves and their observatory from attack by the natives.
 James Cook, Charles Green and Daniel Solander were successful in their observations (Cook & Green, 1771), but there was an incident that might have made things turn out quite differently for these men. The day after they had built their fort, to “secure us against the natives”, the Astronomical Quadrant used to measure it went missing. A great search ensued and a handsome reward was offered. Without the Quadrant the principal purpose of the Endeavour voyage was in peril! Read on from Hawkesworth (1773, Vol. 2) below:
Figure 4. Four pages from Hawkesworth (1773, Vol. 2) describing the events around the Transit of Venus and the missing Astronomical Quadrant, stolen by the natives.

Prior to Harrison's invention, Galileo Galilei in 1612 had worked out another method to determine longitude, which Cook also employed. With sufficiently accurate knowledge of the orbits of the moons of Jupiter one could use their positions as a universal clock and this would make possible the determination of longitude. 

Figure 5. Galileo's Jovilabe used to calculate the periods of Jupiter's moons. Found at
During the time that the Endeavour was being repaired on the Endeavour River, Cook took several astronomical observations. From the transcription of Captain Cook’s Journal, Project Gutenberg, Australia:

“This night Mr. Green and I observ'd an Emersion of Jupiter's first Satellite, which hapnd at 2 hours 58 minutes 53 seconds in the A.M.; the same Emersion hapnd at Greenwich, according to Calculation, on the 30th at 5 hours 17 minutes 43 seconds A.M. The difference is 14 hours 18 minutes 50 seconds, equal to 214 degrees 42 minutes 30 seconds of Longitude, which this place is West of Greenwich, and its Latitude 15 degrees 26 minutes South”.

Figure 6. Excerpt from Cook's handwritten Journal. Notice the annotation in darker pen giving Latitude and Longitude. It may have been made during their time repairing the ship on the Endeavour River.

Tuesday, 19 August 2014

Referencing: Where to start?

At JCU and most universities you are required to write assignments, essays, blog entries, posters that contain references to mainly academic and scholarly sources. You can ask for assistance with checking your references at the Library InfoHelp desk. The library staff can check your references (usually you can have your reference list done and ready for checking a few days before the due date) and give you advice and training on how to correct the list.

Before you come to the library or if you can't get in a good place to go to check referencing styles is the Referencing LibGuide. There are many referencing styles like APA, Vancouver, Harvard and your lecturer will often specify one specific style in the Subject Outline and marking rubric. To see how some styles look compared to each other, check out the Parts of Citation from the Referencing LibGuide.

There are also plenty of useful explanations scattered across the other LibGuides. My favourites are:
  1. For APA in-text citations, a video located on the Tertiary Access Course LibGuide Referencing page.
  2. An APA Sample Essay on the Writing LibGuide.
  3. Another good example is the Annotated Bibliographies LibGuide, obviously for annotated bibliography task. It shows a variety of styles.
Also librarians know lots of quick and easy shortcuts to help cut down your time creating and formatting references, so come speak to us or book a time to go over your lists together. A tip is a keyboard shortcut for a hanging indent is use the Control and T on the keyboard.

Special Collections Celebrates National Science Week: Age of Discovery and the Endeavour's Wreck off Cape Tribulation

Captain Cook chartered 2000 miles of the East Australian coastline and only stopped for any length of time in four places:  Botany Bay, Bustard Bay, Thirsty Sound, and the Endeavour River. He was in a hurry. His crew were exhausted, supplies were running low and he was mindful of the approaching monsoons which would make his traverse across the Timor Sea arduous and dangerous. Also, it was not known whether the North of Queensland was attached to Papua New Guinea, and if it was they would need to sail right around New Guinea to get to Batavia, a friendly port in Dutch Indonesia. So, it was a serious misadventure when the Endeavour "Struck and stuck fast"on a ledge of coral reef at Cape Tribulation where "began all our troubles". From Cook’s handwritten Journal  (online at the National Library of Australia).

Figure 1. Captain James Cook's handwritten journal from the Endeavour Voyage around the World. Held at the National Library of Australia.

 “Before 10 o'clock we had 20 and 21 fathoms, and continued in that depth until a few minutes before 11, when we had 17, and before the Man at the Lead could heave another cast, the Ship Struck and stuck fast. Immediately upon this we took in all our Sails, hoisted out the Boats and Sounded round the Ship, and found that we had got upon the South-East Edge of a reef of Coral Rocks, having in some places round the Ship 3 and 4 fathoms Water, and in other places not quite as many feet …  I found the most water a Stern, and therefore had this Anchor carried out upon the Starboard Quarter, and hove upon it a very great Strain; which was to no purpose, the Ship being quite fast, upon which we went to work to lighten her as fast as possible, which seem'd to be the only means we had left to get her off. As we went ashore about the Top of High Water we not only started water, but threw overboard our Guns, Iron and Stone Ballast, Casks, Hoop Staves, Oil Jars, decay'd Stores, etc.” (From the online transcript of Cook’s Endeavour Journal, Project Gutenberg, Australia).

Figure 2. Location map of the Endeavour wreck on a coral ledge and the safe harbour in the Endeavour River where they repaired the ship. (From Hawkesworth, 1773, Vol. 3).
Figure 3. Endeavour River, New Holland. Engraving in Hawkesworth, 1773, Vol. 3.

They spent twenty three hours on the coral ledge before they luckily found harbour in the Endeavour River (Cooktown). There they stayed mending the ship for nearly seven weeks. During this time Banks and Solander made numerous collecting forays and described a large number of specimens. The aboriginal people for the first time during the Endeavours' trip up the coast overcame their fear for long enough to join with Cook and his crew. The Special Collections at Eddie Koiki Mabo Library, James Cook University, holds hundreds of oral history recordings including tales told by aboriginal Australians of encounters with Captain James Cook. They believed he was a ghost and that his clothes were like a snake's skin that could be removed. During their seven week long sojourn repairing the Endeavour, Joseph Banks learned many aboriginal words, including 'kangaroo', the first sighting of which occurred here at the Endeavour River. From Captain Cook’s Journal: 

“I saw myself this morning, a little way from the Ship, one of the Animals before spoke of; it was of a light mouse Colour and the full size of a Grey Hound, and shaped in every respect like one, with a long tail, which it carried like a Grey Hound; in short, I should have taken it for a wild dog but for its walking or running, in which it jump'd like a Hare or Deer. Another of them was seen to-day by some of our people, who saw the first; they described them as having very small Legs, and the print of the Feet like that of a Goat; but this I could not see myself because the ground the one I saw was upon was too hard, and the length of the Grass hindered my seeing its legs.” 

Figure 4. Engraving of a kangaroo sighted for the first time by the crew aboard the Endeavour at Endeavour River. (From Hawkesworth, 1773. Vol. 3).

Saturday, 16 August 2014

Special Collections Celebrates National Science Week: Age of Discovery and the Anonymous Endeavour Journal

Across National Science Week we will highlight a number of Rare Books published during the Age of Discovery.


The Anonymous Endeavour Journal

The Endeavour Replica. (Australian National Maritime Museum).
The voyage around the world on the Endeavour from 1768 to 1771 commanded by James Cook was the first of three great world voyages undertaken in the pursuit of natural knowledge at the desire of the Royal Society of London. The aims of the Endeavour voyage were to chart the South Pacific Ocean; to record the transit of Venus in Tahiti; to take detailed scientific observations about the landscape, its flora and fauna and the local indigenous peoples; and to find and claim for King George III the Great South Land.

Eagerly awaited, the first publication to arise from the Endeavour's return, was a relatively short but highly readable anonymous journal, since attributed to James Matra. It was published in 1771 just three months after the return of the Endeavour to England. Matra sang the praises of Eastern Australia as an ideal place for a British colonization and in 1783 put forward a Proposal for Establishing a Settlement in New South Wales.

Matra’s journal is a personal and astonishing account ranging from visits with the Patagonian tribes, through Otahitee (Tahiti) and onto the discovery of the East Coast of Australia. Surprisingly, Cook’s own journal held in the National Library of Australia, Journal of the H.M.S. Endeavour, was not published until 125 years after the Endeavour’s journey was made! Read an online transcript of Cook’s Endeavour Journal, Project Gutenberg, Australia. As with Cook’s journal, Banks’ was not published until 125 years later (See Sir Joseph Bank’s Journal on the Internet Archive). It was in Cook’s journal that reference was made to the very large and sheltered harbour north of Botany Bay, Sydney Harbour. This reference was essential when Captain Arthur Phillip sailed the first fleet in 1788 to Australia, and he found Botany Bay too open to the weather for safe harbour, and so he sailed to the sheltered harbor mentioned by Cook, north of Botany Bay and founded Sydney Cove, an ideal base for the infant Colony of New South Wales.

The “official” publication of the journey compiled by John Hawkesworth was not published until 1773 (See An Account of the Voyages ... on the Internet Archive). There were three voyages around the world and not time to publish to the satisfaction of some of the scientists in between voyages. Hawkesworth’s publication is a compilation of numerous journals written by those on board the Endeavour, in three large volumes. There were several scientists on board (besides Cook), including the naturalists Sir Joseph Banks, Dr Daniel Solander, and Herman Sporing, and the astronomer Charles Green. Banks was a very wealthy man and funded his own staff: Swedish naturalist, Linnaeus’ pupil in fact, Dr Daniel Solander; and scientific illustrator Sydney Parkinson. Solander was the first university educated scientist to set foot on Australian soil.

Sir Joseph Banks ordered copper-plate engravings made of the plants collected on the first and second voyages around the world. Known as Banks' Florilegium, they were printed and published over 125 years later in 1900 in Illustrations of the Botany of Captain Cook's Voyage Round the World in H.M.S. Endeavour in 1768-71. (See full document of same on the Internet Archive). Some examples are shown below.

Photolithographs (30 x 50cm) of the copper-plate engravings in Illustrations of the Botany of Captain Cook's Voyage Round the World in H.M.S. Endeavour in 1768-71, Part 1-3, in 3 volumes (1900-1905). From left to right:

* Banksia serrata, Botany Bay.
* Clerodendrum floribundum, Palm Island.
* Dillenia alata, Endeavour River.
* Myrmecodia beccarii (Ant House Plant). Endeavour River.
* Barringtonia gracilis, Lizard Island.

James Matra’s Journal, Hawkesworth’s compilation, the Illustrations of the Botany of Captain Cook’s Voyage and many, many other significant journals and publications from the Age of Discovery are housed and available for viewing in the Special Collections at Eddie Koiki Mabo Library. Visitors are welcome between the hours of 9.30 am and 4.30 pm Monday to Friday.

Thursday, 14 August 2014

Special Collections Fossickings 40: Laughter in a time of war: Aussie magazine 2

The Australian soldier “seemed to take the attitude that the War was being held in order to enable him to make jokes about it …. The Digger put laughter into everything. Even when the circumstances made things too painful for him to laugh himself, he passed laughter-stuff to his cobbers.” So wrote Lt. Phillip Harris the creator and editor of “Aussie”, the wartime magazine which featured in our previous Fossickings post. This week we take a closer look at the content of what was later dubbed “The Cheerful Monthly.”
Regular features included poetry – humorous, sentimental or heartfelt – cartoons, short sketches, and a collection of jokes and anecdotes under the heading “Aussiosities”, a pun on the “Curiosities” columns which often appeared in magazines of the day.  Some of the cleverest touches were mock advertisements, often displaying a darker humour:  “Bluffem shock absorbers”, for example, claimed to cure the terrors of shell-shock. The magazine’s humour was often laced with irony or showed a wry recognition of how little those at home understood of the realities of war. Upper ranks and army regulations were often treated irreverently but not subversively, perhaps allowing a safety valve for petty frustrations and annoyances or a more general discontent. A more serious aspect of the war appears in sketches like the one of a ruined church in Villers Bretonneux. The artist, Pt. Frank Molony, went on to become an architect.
With most contributions coming from the troops themselves “Aussie” became a treasure trove of the soldiers’ slang, often enriched by their habit of forming new words or phrases from the French terms they had picked up, and often misheard, at the Front. Thus “napoo” meaning “over” or “finished” was a corruption of “Il n’y a pas de plus” and a German was re-named an “alleyman” from the French “Allemand”. The magazine’s frequent use of the term “digger” probably helped to cement its place in our language. More significantly, though perhaps unconsciously, one analysis suggests that this magazine was central to developing the cultural concept of the digger and what it meant to be one. 
Throughout it all, the craggy-faced soldier stood proudly to attention on the cover of each issue – with one exception. On the “Xmas number” of December 1918 the now familiar figure was shown tossing his slouch hat in the air with the jubilant words “Next Year at Home!”

Story by Miniata

Wednesday, 13 August 2014

Almanacs and Important Events

Poor Richard's Almanac. 1850 by Ben Franklin

Almanacs have been known in simple form almost since the invention of writing, serving to record religious feasts, seasonal changes etc. They were later elaborated into various lists, some of them resembling modern almanacs.

JCU library has a range of current and historical almanacs containing a variety of facts with which you can easily impress your friends. If you are looking for something historical with a Queensland flavour have a look at Pugh's Almanac which was an annual commercial guide to Queensland businesses, places and events, available electronically from 1859-1927. The classic Poor Richard's Almanac may also be of interest.

In recent times the recording of important dates and events past and future can be found more easily on the internet in various calendars of events

Monday, 11 August 2014

Info Skills Road Trip : Learn how to find resources for your essays and assignments.

Week three is upon us and many students are starting their first minor assignments and trying to figure out where to start searching. If you can't get to the Library InfoHelp desk, we recommend reading the Info Skills Road Trip Libguide.
We’ve developed an interactive learning tool specifically for students. It provides an introduction to researching for your assignments. You will learn the basics of unpacking your topic, finding resources, evaluating what you find and referencing to help you on your University journey. You can pick and choose your destination with each module only taking about 30 minutes of your time. Get started today:

You can come to the Library InfoHelp desk and ask for help on the best places to search.