Friday, 29 May 2015

JSTOR after JCU - Individual subscriptions now available

JSTOR is one of the top databases for the Humanities.  If you are studying English, History, Languages or Literature, JSTOR is probably one of your top go-to resources.

If it isn't, it should be.

Not only does it have an excellent collection of current journals for the "Liberal Arts", it also has a formidable back catalogue of archived journals and a collection of scanned primary sources.

Say you were researching a History or Literature subject, and one of your articles referenced an article from the 1940s that sounded highly relevant and useful...  There's a good chance you'll find it in JSTOR.

Until recently, JSTOR has only been available to institutions.  If you wanted to use it, you had to be connected to a library (like ours).  This meant that, once you left JCU, you couldn't access JSTOR any more - even if you were willing to pay for it.

Now they are offering individual memberships.

JPASS is JSTOR's access option for people who are no longer connected with a university library.  They have two membership options, depending on whether you want ongoing access for the entire year, or you are just working on a short-term project.

This is great news for anyone who has been using JSTOR here at JCU and wants to be able to use it for their own personal research after graduation.

While you are still with JCU, of course, you have access through us - and we thoroughly recommend you take advantage of it.  JSTOR is an excellent resource, and one worth adding to your top five.

Wednesday, 27 May 2015

Hard-boiled fiction, femmes fatale and damaged detectives.

Dashiell Hammet was born on May 27, 1894.

Best known for his books The Maltese Falcon and The Thin Man, Hammett is one of the great exponents of hard-boiled detective fiction.

Sam Spade, the character created for The Maltese Falcon and famously played by Humphrey Bogart, is considered to be one of the quintessential "Private-Eyes".

We have the complete novels of Dashiell Hammett, as well as collections of his short stories.  And if reading Hammett's work gives you a taste for violent, damaged detectives and femmes fatale, we also have works by Raymond Chandler and Chester Himes - not to mention a whole bunch of detective stories and novels, and books about detective stories...

If finishing your assignments and preparing for exams is starting to stress you out, why not grab yourself a good old fashioned paperback and spend an evening in the crime-ridden streets of early 20th Century America?

Tuesday, 26 May 2015

Mabo Day June 3rd 2015

June 3rd is Mabo Day. Mabo Day commemorates the life of Eddie Koiki Mabo (c. 29 June 1936–21 January 1992) a Torres Strait Islander. He is most famous for campaigning for the recognition of traditional Indigenous Australian's land rights on his home island of Mer (Murray Island).

Eddie Koiki Mabo resided in Townsville for a period of his life and in that time he was employed and enrolled at JCU. Due to his connection to JCU, the Townsville campus library was named the Eddie Koiki Mabo Library in 2008.

You can celebrate Mabo Day by attending a public event in your area. At JCU we hold an annual Mabo Lecture  (view past lectures). The Townsville library holds an art exhibition that commemorates the building naming and it is open to members of the public to view.

Between Battles 9: Local History in Townsville’s City

During the “Between Battles” project, the Townsville City Library located at level 1, 280 Flinders Street hosted a number of James Cook University researchers as they surveyed not only the publically accessible local history collection, but also a significant portion of the library’s uncatalogued collection.
Caption: James Cook University researchers at the Flinders Street branch of CityLibraries.   Photo Credit: Jane Ryder
Caption: Researcher MarĂ­a Liliana Ortega Martinez with a photograph of Townsville’s old post office with a sign out in front urging men to enlist in the 1914 War. This photograph forms part of the uncatalogued local history collection held at the Flinders Street branch of CityLibraries.  Photo credit: Jane Ryder
This was a particularly exciting experience for all researchers involved, having been given access to an enormous variety of rare books, documents and photographs that were yet to be examined in great detail. The Between Battles research team came across numerous examples of World War One soldiers’ experiences, however it was undoubtedly the Library’s photographic collection that was most rewarding.

The only difficulty researchers faced was that many of the photographs were unidentifiable, and while they were fantastic images in their own right, it was difficult for the team to put them into a context.  This illustrates a need for people to correctly identify the contents of their personal collections.  Otherwise, they risk becoming “orphan works”, such as these beautiful photographs.

 The photograph above shows an example of one of the fascinating World War One portraits the Between Battles research team came across at the City library that lacked any identifying information.   Cataloguers are limited to information attributed by the copyright owner or discernible from the image. 

Specialised digitisation equipment available within the City Library made the process of scanning various documents and photographs significantly easier. The library has only recently acquired this technology and is very excited to put it to use digitising further entries to the already rich local history collection.   For more information, watch this video.

The "Between Battles" research team would like to thank the staff of CityLibraries, in particular Annette Burns and Barbara Mathiesen.

Monday, 25 May 2015

TEDx Townsville-Livestream Saturday 30 May

Date claimer, this Saturday May 30th - please click here to register.

You are invited to the Eddie Koiki Mabo Library (JCU Townsville campus) to attend a satellite viewing of TEDx Townsville.

This is a live-stream of the TEDx Townsville event. Proudly sponsored by James Cook University, attendance is free and morning tea, lunch and afternoon tea will be provided.

There will be interactive displays from JCU Library Special Collections and 3D printing and scanning technology from CityLibraries Townsville. The artworks from the 2015 Eddie Koiki Mabo Library Commemorative Art Exhibition: Teho Ropeyarn's Mandang Ikamba (strength of a crocodile) will be on display and Juliette's Cafe will be open in the Library throughout the day.

We hope to see you there!

New book recommendation: Teaching Indigenous Students

Each week recent purchases are placed on the new book displays. You can subscribe to the New Library Books email or view the New Books list online.

This week is National Reconciliation Week and a title of interest is:

Teaching Indigenous Students: Cultural awareness and classroom strategies for improving learning outcomes by Thelma Perso & Colleen Hayward

Call Number: 371.8299915 PER

An extract from the publisher's website states:

Indigenous children, like all children, deserve a future they choose for themselves. This book aims to empower teachers to help halt the cycle of disadvantage for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students and make a real difference to their relationships, learning outcomes and opportunities in the short and long term.

Library Exam Opening Hours Semester 1 2015: Extended Hours

Townsville will have Extended Exam Opening Hours for the end of semester 1, 2015 exam period. This includes earlier opening and later close.

Eddie Koiki Mabo Library

Monday 1st June – Thursday 18th June 2015

Monday to Friday                7.30am – Midnight
Saturday and Sunday         10.00am– 5.00pm
*Monday 8th of June Queen' Birthday Public Holiday 1pm to 5pm


No Change until the 19th of June 2015. Hours remain:

Monday to Thursday         8.00am– 9.00pm
Friday                                8.00am– 6.00pm
Saturday and Sunday       10.00am– 5.00pm
*Monday 8th of June Queen' Birthday Public Holiday 1pm to 5pm

Friday, 22 May 2015

Between Battles 8: There’s no business like show business, especially on the front!

Caption: Anzac Concert Party, Photographer: A J Bromfield, North Queensland Photographic Collection.
Believe it or not the men depicted in this photograph are not professional performers. Rather they are fighting soldiers of the First World War who, in their time off, provided vital entertainment and comic relief for troops between battles.

The value of theatrical entertainment was recognized very early on during the First World War, and Australian and New Zealand soldiers had a particular knack for humorous comedy routines. Soldiers were often encouraged to audition for performance troupes run either by military units or by the YMCA, however entertainers were also sometimes hired externally in order to entertain the troops.

Concerts were usually put on at rest camps, some distance away from direct conflict, although the YMCA were known to hold shows within their own canteen huts significantly closer to the action. On special occasions and holidays ‘Division concert parties’ were put on for everyone’s enjoyment. These types of concerts included the ‘best of the best’ drawing performers from all the units that made up the division. These performances tended to be much better organized than individual unit’s impromptu gatherings, although audiences equally appreciated both. Senior officers clearly acknowledged the positive effect of theatre on the front because by the end of 1917 each military division had at least one military theatre company in operation.

Caption: A WWI Pierrot troupe poses in front of a tank. Pierrot performances were familiar to soldiers at the time and were effective ways of identify performers when costume resources were limited.  Source: Collins, Larry, J. “War Culture- WWI Theatre”.  Last modified December 13, 2012. Accessed May 9, 2015.
An enormous variety of material was performed for soldiers, from Shakespeare though to burlesque. Performances by Pierrot troupes were popular (these are easily recognized by ruffled costumes and skull caps often worn by performers), although it was most certainly the comedy routines that were most enjoyed. Comedies were a particular favourite not only because a good laugh lifted morale, but also because a significant amount of cross-dressing by the performing soldiers added to the amusement.

Caption: A ‘female impersonator’ is assisted in getting ready for a WWI performance. Female impersonators were often the highlight of a show and received the most applause. Source: Collins, Larry, J. “War Culture- WWI Theatre”.  Last modified December 13, 2012. Accessed May 9, 2015.
It was difficult for military units to maintain regular performance groups because of casualty rates, and because of the high mobility of military units. A unit never stayed in one place for very long and a stage could not be transported. Performance venues were sometimes difficult to find although resourcefulness allowed performers to re-purpose old barns or ruins they came across.

According to Larry J Collins, in Theatre at War, concert parties fulfilled a number of roles for audiences and performers alike, including providing a ‘platform on which [soldiers’] grievances about food, conditions, sergeants and officers could be aired’. Theatre also played an important role in the recovery of wounded soldiers ‘according to military doctors’. But most importantly it reminded the troops of home and  of a future when the types of activities they now undertook between battles would simply be ordinary activities of enjoyment.

Further Reading/References:
- Collins, L. J. Theatre at War, 1914-18: Houndmills, Great Britain: Macmillan Press, 1998.
- Collins, Larry, J. “War Culture- WWI Theatre”.  Last modified December 13, 2012.
  Accessed May   9, 2015.
- Holden, Robert. And the Band Played On. Melbourne, Australia: Hardie Grant Books, 2014.
- Kent, David. From Trench and Troopship: the experience of the Australian Imperial Forces 1914-1919. Melbourne: Southwood Press, 1999.

Wednesday, 20 May 2015

New Book Display Recommmendations: Communication Skills for Nurses

Each week recent purchases are placed on the new book displays. You can subscribe to the New Library Books email or view the New Books list online.

A title of interest:
Communication Skills for Nurses by Claire Boyd and Janet Dare
Call Number: 610.73023 COM

This item is also available as an online ebook to current JCU staff and students.

Nursing and health students might find this useful as communication skills is a common assignment topic for health students.

An extract from the publisher's webpage states:

Survive placements and practice with this essential guide for all student nurses.

Providing words of wisdom and advice from real-life student nurses, Communication Skills for Nurses is a handy, portable, and fun introduction to the key communication and interpersonal skills you’ll need on placement and as a registered nurse.

Special features:
  • Developed by students, for students 
  • Clear, straightforward, and jargon-free 
  • Explains how to use your interpersonal skills effectively, communicate with patients with specific conditions, and handle both criticisms and compliments
  • Features tips and advice from real life nursing students 
  • Examples and questions based on real life nursing and healthcare situations

SAGE Research Methods - NEW features to assist in the design and conduct of your research

 SAGE Research Methods

SAGE Research Methods has now been enhanced with Research Datasets and Cases.
James Cook University researchers can now use the expanded SAGE Research Methods tool to help them design research projects, understand particular research methods, identify new methods, conduct their research, and write up their findings.

SAGE Research Methods links researchers to SAGE’s book, journal, reference and video content with advanced search and discovery tools. Focusing on methodology rather than disciplines, SAGE Research Methods will help researchers and students from a wide range of different subject areas. Resources are available for developing methodologies at all stages of the research process and are suited to all levels of researchers, from undergraduates to senior faculty. 

Using Methods Maps one can visually explore methodology options by following the methods, concepts, philosophies and approaches under consideration. Researchers are directly linked to information resources and people in the field. Methods lists can also be complied and shared.

SAGE Research Methods has been enhanced by SAGE Research Methods Cases. This is a collection of genuine research case studies. Cases are original, specially commissioned, and designed to help students understand often abstract methodological concepts by introducing them to case studies of research projects.

NEW - SAGE Research Methods Datasets is a new feature on trial by James Cook University. A collection of teaching datasets is provided that can be used to support the teaching and independent learning of quantitative and qualitative analytical methods used in the social sciences. These are datasets taken from larger national and international data sources, cleaned and reduced in size and complexity for teaching and self-study purposes, perfect for researchers learning a new method or brushing up on an old one. We have SAGE Research Methods Datasets on trial until 18 August 2015.

See the SAGE Research Methods User Guide and Tutorials or contact your friendly JCU Liaison Librarian.

Tuesday, 19 May 2015

National Reconciliation Week May 27th to June 3rd

National Reconciliation Week is celebrated across Australia each year between the 27th of May and 3rd of June. The dates commemorate two significant milestones in the Reconciliation journey—the anniversaries of the successful 1967 referendum and the High Court Mabo decision.

The week is a time for all Australians to learn about our shared histories, cultures and achievements and to explore how each of us can join the national reconciliation effort.

May 27 marks the anniversary of Australia’s most successful referendum and a defining event in our nation’s history. The 1967 referendum saw over 90 per cent of Australians vote to give the Commonwealth the power to make laws for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and recognise them in the national census.

On 3 June, 1992, the High Court of Australia delivered its landmark Mabo decision which legally recognized that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have a special relationship to the land—that existed prior to European invasion and colonisation and still exists today. This recognition paved the way for land rights called Native Title. JCU's Townsville library is named after the lead plaintiff Eddie Koiki Mabo and is hosting an art exhibition to commemorate the building naming.

There are lots of resources in the JCU library collection which can help you explore Reconciliation, learn more about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and their cultures and the history of Australia.

A recommended DVD is:
First Footprints. 
Call Number: 994.0049915 FIR

50,000 years in the making. First Footprints is the incredible story of how people arrived and thrived on our continent. With startling new archaeological discoveries and art sites never seen before on television, this ground-breaking series reveals how the first Australians adapted, migrated, fought, created and innovated in dramatically changing environments, including the last ice age.

It will also be screened on the ABC Monday 25th of May at 11am and you can view extra interactive materials online at

Another great online resource to read is Share Our Pride.

Don't forget JCU will also hold events to mark Reconciliation week and has a Reconciliation Action Plan.

Happy Birthday, Edward de Bono

Edward de Bono, the Maltese physician, psychologist, author and inventor, was born on the 19th of May, 1933.

De Bono is famous for his theories and self-help books regarding lateral thinking - particularly the Six Thinking Hats technique, which encourages people to deliberately consider problems from different positions.

Take a look at these results in One Search to see the books we have by Edward de Bono and link to some of his journal articles.

"Thinking slowly means pausing at many points to look around and see what options are available. If you drive fast you cannot read the different signposts. When driving you want to read the signposts to be aware of the directions you are not taking. Getting to a destination is important, but getting to a destination and having a good map of the terrain is even better."

de Bono, E. (1986). Ideas about thinking - excerpts from Edward de Bono's "letter to thinkers". Journal of Product Innovation Management, 3(1), 57-62. doi: 10.1016/0737-6782(86)90044-5

Monday, 18 May 2015

Between Battles 7: Feathers Fly - Shipboard Entertainment

Whether setting off for the Great War or homeward bound, voyages on troop-ship were long and monotonous and soldiers often become bored and frustrated.  However, clever thinking and resourcefulness on the part of soldiers themselves resulted in a huge variety of on-board entertainments and activities that mitigated the cramped conditions and boosted morale.

Personal photographs (such as those taken by Astley James Bromfield) and troop-ship publications hint at the types of activities soldiers participated in to pass the time.  Impromptu activities such as weight guessing or poetry reciting were easily organized, however on special occasions, for instance at New Year, Christmas, or birthdays, much more elaborate programs were organized. 

Proceedings might include sporting activities such as tugs-of-war, potato races, orange eating competitions, cock-fighting, pillow fighting on the cross bar and a game called ‘recovering coin from electric tub’, as well as musical performances and pantomimes. These activities varied enormously from ship to ship depending on the resources available to the men while at sea; but they were always a welcome distraction.
Photo credit: Jane Ryder,  Caption: “Pillow Fight” The image features a photo taken by A J Bromfield in the Bromfield Album of the North Queensland Photographic Collection, JCU Library Special Collections.
 Bromfield's photo (above) depicts one of the most common sporting activities on-board troopships- the pillow fight on spar. A tarpaulin was set up to act as a shallow swimming pool when filled with water, while two participants attempted to maintain their balance while they beat each other with pillows. The pole was often covered in grease to make it far more difficult for participants to maintain their balance, to the amusement of onlookers. The man on the right wearing the white shorts has been identified as A. J. Bromfield.

An excerpt from the troopship publication The Final Objective, December 1918-February 1919 (cited in Trench and Troopship, p. 191) records the activities men participated in for a New Year Celebration homeward bound aboard the transport ship the Aeneas:

January 1st (New Year’s Day) was celebrated on board with a programme of sports. The weather being ideal, and everyone by this time having well passed calling forth “Europe” over the side of the boat, entered into the day’s events in a true sporting manner… As one walked along the deck, passing from one group which seemed to be interested in the ordeal of trying to pick up a collar stud by standing on their eyebrows or elevating their front teeth, to another group who ere enjoying themselves at the expense of one, who, blindfolded, was trying to place a pig on a tail, and so on. I think the most interesting event in the sports- one which caused the most amusement- was the pillow fighting competition on the cross-bar. It was a case of “He that thinks himself most secure, take heed lest he fall”. The tug-of-war competitions were thoroughly enjoyed, and to crown the events of the day, we were entertained with a good concert to bring to a grand finale the close of a very pleasant day…

Photograph: AWM Collection  Caption: Skipping competition aboard the Aeneas, June 1919
Photograph:  AWM Collection  Caption: A version of tug-of-war played aboard the Aeneas, June 1919, to help solders pass the time.
Further Reading/References:
Kent, David. From Trench and Troopship: the experience of the Australian Imperial Forces 1914-1919. Victoria,  Melbourne, Australia: Southwood Press, 1999.

New Online Resources: National Geographic Archive 1888-1994

National Geographic
Access to the National Geographic archive, 1888-1994 has now been set up and is available for use through the following access points:
A description from the provider states:

This collection brings together a complete archive of National Geographic magazine — every page of every issue — along with a cross-searchable collection of National Geographic books, maps, images and videos.

Wednesday, 13 May 2015

We need to stop punishing scientists for talking to the public - article from The Conversation by Bill Laurance

Bill Laurance has just published a great article in The Conversation about the need to reward 'non-traditional' forms of communicating research. Our universities encourage researchers to engage with the wider community, yet there are no formal systems to reward researchers for doing this.

The opening paragraph of Bill's article states:

As scientists, my colleagues and I are often told we need to engage the general public and decision makers, to use our expertise to inform public discourse and debates and to reach a far wider audience than just our professional colleagues.

Bill's complete article is available at

Building on the advice in Bill's article, it is also critical that research outputs are publicly available i.e. they are Open Access. Don't leave readers, who want to know more about your research, frustrated. Make sure they are easily able to find and access your full research outputs. This can be achieved by loading your publications to ResearchOnline@JCU.

For more information about Open Access:

Featured database: MLA database

The MLA International Bibliography database provides a subject index resources published on modern languages, literature, folklore, and linguistics, and indexes over 66,000 books and articles each year.

Content includes:
  • Global coverage - Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, and North and South America 
  • Folklore is represented by folk literature, music, art, rituals, and belief systems
  • Linguistics and language materials range from history and theory of linguistics, comparative linguistics, semantics, stylistics, and syntax to translation
  • Other topics include:
    • Literary theory and criticism, dramatic arts (film, radio, television, theatre), and history of printing and publishing 
    • Aesthetics, human behaviour, communication, and information processes relating to human language or literature
  • Diverse media - oral, in print, or in audiovisual media and on human language, including both natural languages and invented languages (e.g., Esperanto)
  • Teaching of language, literature, and rhetoric and composition at the college level

2015 Eddie Koiki Mabo Commemorative Art Exhibition: Teho Ropeyarn's Mandang Ikamba (strength of a crocodile)

Image: Teho Ropeyarn, Ikambla
Each year JCU Library and Information Services hosts an exhibition by an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander artist to celebrate the official naming of the Eddie Koiki Mabo Library and the release of the University’s Reconciliation Statement on 21 May 2008.

This year the artist is Teho Ropeyarn and his exhibition is titled Madang Ikamba (strength of a crocodile).

The exhibition will run from Thursday May 14th to Friday June 12th 2015 and is open for the public to view during Library opening hours.

The exhibition also coincides with National Reconciliation Week which runs from May 27th to June 3rd (which is Mabo Day). Other JCU events to mark Reconciliation week will occur during this period to enact aspects of JCU's Reconciliation Action Plan.

Tuesday, 12 May 2015

TEDx Townsville - livestream at Mabo Library

You are invited to the Eddie Koiki Mabo Library (JCU Townsville campus) to attend a satellite viewing of TEDx Townsville. This is a live-stream of the TEDx Townsville event. Proudly sponsored by James Cook University, attendance is free and morning tea, lunch and afternoon tea will be provided. There will be interactive displays from JCU Library Special Collections and 3D printing and scanning technology from CityLibraries Townsville. The artworks from the 2015 Eddie Koiki Mabo Library Commemorative Art Exhibition: Teho Ropeyarn's Mandang Ikamba (strength of a crocodile) will be on display and Juliette's Cafe will be open in the Library throughout the day.

Registration is essential  - please click here to register.

We hope to see you there!

Monday, 11 May 2015

New Book Display recommendation: Veterinary Clinical Procedures in Small Animals

Each week recent purchases are placed on the new book displays. You can subscribe to the New Library Books email or view the New Books list online.

A title of interest:
Veterinary Clinical Procedures in Small Animal Practice by Vicki Judah
Call number: 636.089 JUD

An extract from the publisher's webpage states:

Veterinary Clinical Procedures...instructs you on the clinical care of canine, feline, avian, and exotic animal patients. Appropriate as a standalone or companion resource, the book provides a concise overview of each species as well as the wide range of skills veterinary technicians must master. Step-by-step instruction on commonly performed procedures--restraint, physical exams, specimen collection, safety protocol, and anesthesia--include expanded discussions on variations, potential complications, required equipment, and much more. Colorful and easy to understand, is packed with photos, diagrams, and charts to make learning fun and easy!

So long, and thanks for all the fish

"We have normality ... I repeat we have normality ...  anything you still can't cope with is therefore your own problem."
On the 11th of May, 2001, the English Language lost one of its cleverest and most entertaining writers:  Douglas Adams.

While The Hitch Hiker's Guide to the Galaxy books were not his only works, they were his most famous creations.  We have all five parts of the trilogy available for loan (including first editions of the trilogy back when it only had three parts).

You may not be aware that The Hitch Hikers Guide to the Galaxy was originally a radio series, which was later adapted for the books (and the TV series, stage shows and movie).

The second half of the radio series contains material which was never adapted for any other format, including a statue held in the air by the power of art, a planet in which humans evolved into birds to escape shoe salesmen, and a cloning machine can never be switched off - producing an ever-increasing number of clones.

Science fiction fans, and fans of radio drama, may be interested to know that we have a copy of the scripts for the radio series.

The radio scripts are worth reading for the clever and amusing dialogue, or for the history of science fiction on radio, or for fans of British comedy, or the the Douglas Adams fans who want to read more adventures written by their hero...

But it's also a really good resource for anyone who wants to learn about writing for radio.  Radio scripts are a little bit different to scripts written for film, TV or the stage - and seeing a script that was actually bought and produced by the BBC is a great way to see how radio scripts are put together.  The book also contains trivia about the making of the radio series.
"Oh, dear, I think you'll find reality's on the blink again."

Friday, 8 May 2015

Between Battles 6: The Soldier as Tourist - Astley James Bromfield in Egypt

Astley James Bromfield (whose personal materials are the focus of our current Mabo Library displays) spent the first half of 1916 in Egypt, training with the 25th Battalion in preparation for service on the Western Front. Troops had been sent to Egypt not only to train, but in preparation for a possible Turkish assault on the Suez Canal.  In the relative safety of North Africa Anzac soldiers were able to enjoy what was for many their first trip beyond Australia. They embraced the fascinating sights and sounds of Egypt, a combination of the mystery and exoticism of the Ancient Egyptian past and the familiar trappings of more recent British colonization. The pyramids were a particularly popular destination, aided by their proximity to the Anzac camps.
Photographer: A J Bromfield, NQID1265, North Queensland Photographic Collection.
While in Egypt Bromfield continued his habit of collecting picture postcards, which he had begun before departing from Australia. Picture postcards had become popular in the late 1890s, and by the outbreak of the war were sold in their millions across Europe and the British Commonwealth. Cards featuring locations he had personally visited make up the majority of Bromfield’s collection, though French propaganda cartoons and pre-filled cards (including a captured German example) are also present. Bromfield posted cards to his immediate family, and also collected a large number of blank cards for their pictures, which he sent to his sister Grace.

Front and reverse of French cartoon propaganda card. On the reverse, Bromfield comments on the usefulness of the new Atherton sewer system as an air raid shelter! Private Collection.
Pre-filled postcards, in English and German. Bromfield may have captured or traded for the German card. Several photographs in his collection are marked “Captured from Hun.”  Private Collection.
While in camp in Egypt, Bromfield wrote to his Auntie Dot: 
Have been out to the Pyramids and went right up to the top, also inside the basement. Then we saw the Sphinx and the vaults there. Also the city that has been unearthed just by the pyramid.
Nearly every Anzac soldier in Egypt visited or climbed a pyramid, and photographs of groups in front of the Sphinx and other ancient sites were common. The fascination was so strong as to become dangerous, and several men were injured and possibly killed by falls from the unstable sides. By visiting these monuments, Anzacs established a connection between their own martial efforts and those of Egyptian, Roman, and European soldiers over preceding centuries. The desire to see and experience the foreign world of Egypt was both pleasurable tourism and an expression of their identity and role within a truly global “Great War.” The enthusiasm of the Anzacs, however, was more pronounced than their British comrades, and Bromfield notes, perhaps with some ironic pride: 
It’s no wonder that the Tommies call us the six bob a day tourists.

Front and reverse of postcard. In the early 20th century Heliopolis was a luxurious haven for European expatriates, and in 1910 staged the “Great Week of Aviation,” featuring the first air races held over Africa. Private Collection.
Front and reverse of postcard showing the road to the pyramids. Private Collection.
Front and reverse of postcard showing the Palace Hotel, Heliopolis. This hotel was converted into the “Auxiliary Hospital” during the war. Bromfield was a patient several times during his service in Egypt. Private Collection.

Anzac soldiers in Egypt collected more than photographs and postcards. Physical souvenirs were also coveted, such as this stone, taken by Bromfield from the battlefield at Tel el-Kebir.

First side reads "J Bromfield, Tel el Kabir, Egypt 20/4/16; and on the second side "I picked this stone up on the Tel el Kabir battlefield on my birthday 20/4/1916"
The Battle of Tel el-Kebir (13 September 1882) was the decisive confrontation in the British conquest of Egypt. The historical relevance of this site is more complicated than simple imperial memorializing; though the British utilized a pre-dawn surprise attack to bypass the Egyptian artillery, the battle was essentially an infantry charge on an entrenched position, and won by hand-to-hand combat with bayonets. Both the swift victory and the savagery of the close combat had relevance for visiting Anzacs. The parallels between Tel el-Kebir and the trench warfare of the Western Front would not have been lost on Bromfield and his contemporaries, and their attention to the battlefield and other monuments of Egypt’s colonial past indicates that they had a keen sense of participation in the geopolitical drama of the war.

References/Further Reading:
Featherstone, Donald. Colonial Small Wars 1837-1901. Newton Abbott, Devon, UK: David & Charles, 1973.
Fraser, John. “Propaganda on the Picture Postcard.” Oxford Art Journal 3, no. 2 (1980): 39-47.
Kerr, Greg. Private Wars: Personal records of the Anzacs in the Great War. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Leiser, Gary. “The First Flight Above Egypt: The Great Week of Aviation at Heliopolis, 1910.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Third Series, 20, no. 3 (2010): 267-294.
Spiers, Edward M. The Victorian Soldier in Africa. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2004.

Library Client Survey 2015
The 2015 Library Client Survey will be available online from 11-31 May for all library users including JCU students and staff, users from other libraries, visitors and the community.

This survey gives you the opportunity to express your opinions about the JCU Library’s performance in areas you think are important including resources, services and facilities.

You can participate in the survey by completing it anonymously. To show our appreciation for your time, weekly prizes will be drawn for coffee and bookshop vouchers with a final draw for 2 iPad minis.

Past responses to the survey have enabled the Library to improve our collections, extend library hours, upgrade our technologies, and create better learning and social spaces. All of this improves the library support for learning, teaching, research and scholarship.

By completing the 2015 survey you will help to ensure that we have a dynamic Library contributing to JCU’s Strategic Intent of Creating a brighter future for life in the tropics, world-wide through graduates and discoveries that make a difference.

Wednesday, 6 May 2015

Between Battles 5: Introducing Astley James Bromfield

The displays in the Eddie Koiki Mabo Library supporting the project - “Between Battles: Commemorating The Cultural Lives of Soldiers” feature a collection of photographs, postcards and personal possessions belonging to Astley James Bromfield, a North Queenslander who served with the 25th Infantry Battalion as a corporal and later with the 7th Australian Machine Gun Company as a sergeant. Bromfield spent time in Egypt before seeing action in France and Belgium, and was wounded at Menin Road, near Ypres, in September 1917. His younger brother Jack Mawdsly Bromfield also served on the Western Front, and was killed in action at the Battle of Hamel in July 1918. The collection of artefacts on display has been generously loaned by Bromfield’s family and reveals the cultural life of an ordinary Australian soldier during the First World War. The photographs and postcards record both the devastation of war and the curiosity of a young man abroad. Accounts of sightseeing on leave mingle with hurriedly-written messages from the trenches, providing invaluable insight into his individual experience of war.
Astley James Bromfield enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force on the 27th of September 1915. The twenty-two year old bookkeeper, one of three sons of an Atherton dairy farmer, was assigned to the 25th Infantry Battalion, and embarked for North Africa on the troopship Itonus on the 30th of December.
Extract from Service Record of Astley James Bromfield. Australian National Archives, B2455.

Even before he left Australia, Bromfield was corresponding with his family, particularly his sister Grace. Picture postcards were a popular means of communication at the time, and were often produced to commemorate significant occasions, such as the embarkation of troops. Bromfield sent this card, showing the 25th Battalion marching through Brisbane:
Postcard (Front), AIF March, Brisbane. Private Collection.
By buying and sending this card Bromfield was trying to create a sense of personal engagement and presence for his family at home. He strengthened that  sense by marking his place in the procession:
    “If you hold it up to the light you will see a little hole I made through my hat.”
The hole, while only a pin prick and difficult to spot, serves to identify Bromfield as an individual taking part in an historic event, reducing the distance and anonymity of official accounts of the mass movement of troops.
Postcard (Reverse), AIF March, Brisbane. Private Collection.
Throughout his service in North Africa and on the Western Front, and during a period of convalescence in England, Bromfield took photographs and collected postcards for his sister. References to local sights and stories dominate his messages home; looming “trips up the line” and the lasting effects of his wound are briefly mentioned, glossed over with reassurances that all was well. Signing as “Chap,” Bromfield wrote about his experiences, collected memorabilia and photographed his surroundings both to reassure his anxious family in Australia and to distract himself from the brutality of war. In doing so he asserted a small but significant degree of ownership over his actions and experiences, in a situation where individual lives were routinely sacrificed and choices were few and often illusory. His collection of original and acquired photographs (taken by official war photographers, fellow soldiers, and in a few instances captured from the enemy) tells the story of the First World War through the eyes of an ordinary Australian soldier, helps make some sense of his war service within the broader context of global politics and history.

The collection of photographs, postcards and personal effects on display at Townsville City Library - Flinders Street branch and the Eddie Koiki Mabo Library at James Cook University is not a record of courage and heroism. It is not an account of military engagements, but rather of the experience of living with the War. By continuing cultural production of this type soldiers like Bromfield managed to retain their humanity in utterly inhumane circumstances. Further blogs will explore individual photographs, postcards and artefacts, revealing the cultural life Astley James Bromfield as he sought to survive and document his experience of war.

New Book Display recommendation: The Name Must Not Go Down

Each week recent purchases are placed on the new book displays. You can subscribe to the New Library Books email or view the New Books list online.

A title of interest:
The Name Must Not Go Down by Joseph Ketan
320.995565 KET

An extract from the publishers website states:

This book analyses how and why people in Mount Hagen have incorporated the state into their local megacycle. By analysing political competition at the local level where such nationally prominent leaders as Paias Wingti, Robert lak, Michael Mel, and Paul Pora operate, this study facilitates understanding the behaviour of politicians who interact within and between two separate moral realms. This study explores the level and extent of interpenetration between state and society to determine whether one system has dominated the other.

An interesting political study from a Papua New Guinea researcher that bridges the insider, outsider dynamic of research. Also looks at 'traditional Indigenous' societies and the meeting of the 'modern world' from a more realistic human perspective. Of interest to political science students, international affairs, development workers, social science and anthropology students.

Tuesday, 5 May 2015

ORCiD profiles are now being listed in Trove

Trove is the National Library of Australia discovery interface. ORCID profiles are now being listed in the People and Organisations zone of Trove.

ORCID is a non-profit, community-based organisation which aims to provide a registry of unique researcher identifiers and a transparent method of linking research activities and outputs to these identifiers. ORCID assigns a 16 digit number, a unique identifier, to any researcher who wants one—be they an astrophysicist studying the universe, a zoologist studying amoeba, or anyone in between.

To get your ORCID profile listed in Trove, make sure your publication profile is in ResearchOnline@JCU is up-to-date. Including DOIs in the records for your publications will also help to match your name and profile.

As an example, see this profile in Trove and scroll down to the box titled Resources for Jacqueline Kerri Wolstenholme to see the link to her ORCID profile.

This information is adapted from the Trove blog post, Spot the Blue Square.

For quick steps on how to create your ORCID profile, see this page on the Measuring Research Impact LibGuide.

Happy birthday, Karl Marx

"Karl Marx 001"
by John Jabez Edwin Mayall
International Institute of Social History
Amsterdam, Netherlands. 
"You are horrified at our intending to do away with private property. But in your existing society, private property is already done away with for nine-tenths of the population; its existence for the few is solely due to its non-existence in the hands of those nine-tenths. You reproach us, therefore, with intending to do away with a form of property, the necessary condition for whose existence is the non-existence of any property for the immense majority of society.
In one word, you reproach us with intending to do away with your property. Precisely so; that is just what we intend."

Marx, Karl, and Engels, Friedrich. Communist Manifesto. London, GBR: Pluto Press, 2008. ProQuest ebrary. Web. 4 May 2015.

Sunday, 3 May 2015

Between Battles 4: A young soldier’s experience on the troopship Kanowna, 1914.

Five days after the declaration of war in 1914, the 3rd Queensland Regiment (better known as the Kennedy Regiment) marched through the streets of Townsville towards the port. They were embarking for Thursday Island on board the Kanowna, a coastal liner requisitioned for the war effort, to defend the Torres Strait against predicted German naval raids.
Troops of the Kennedy Regiment leaving Townsville in August 1914, en route to Thursday Island.  Solider, Frederick Macdonald may well have been part of this procession.
Photograph courtesy of the State Library of Queensland.
The Kennedy Regiment’s voyage of seven weeks aboard a crowded ship resulted in boredom amongst the troops. Finding activities to keep the men busy and active was an important part of life on board the ship and distractions improved morale. The activities of those aboard the Kanowna were not only indicative of many Anzac soldiers’ experiences, but they also served to establish the troopship newspaper custom.

One young 19-year-old soldier from Irvinebank in Queensland, Frederick Malcolm Macdonald (1894-1966), wrote a diary of his experiences as a member of the Kennedy Regiment aboard the Kanowna in 1914. His diary, which was published by Macdonald’s son Colin in 2005 under the title The Caruse of the Kanowna, forms part of JCU Library Special Collections -  NQ Collection.
Frederick Malcolm Macdonald (1894-1966) retrieved from Macdonald, Colin (Ed.). The Caruse of the Kanowna: Frederick Macdonald’s 1914 diary. Aranda, ACT: C.G. Macdonald, 2005.
The diary provides an important record of ordinary life aboard a troopship, and regularly noted diversions like the regimental band, “which made the crowded and uncomfortable conditions more agreeable”.  Such events were important in maintaining morale and cohesion among the troops.

The significance of news from home is also readily apparent. Macdonald notes that troops received mail only once during their journey, however this event had such an impact upon all the men aboard the ship that the following morning parade was called off so that the men could have time to read their letters and “to write and answer the same”. Macdonald notes his envy of those men who received newspapers as well as letters from their friends and relatives.
Photograph of Frederick Macdonald’s original diary.
The ritual and distraction of reading the daily news inspired the creation of troopship journals, today some of the most fascinating and important cultural artefacts of the First World War. On Monday the 24th of August the first of these newsletters, The Latrine Leader, Incorporating the W.C. Chronicle, “a very amusing and widely read journal”, began its print run on board the Kanowna. At least two original editions, likely containing humorous anecdotes, commentary and, most importantly, shipboard gossip, were circulated before the journal was “commandeered” by officers on the 14th of September.

Macdonald’s disappointment at the loss the Latrine Leader is indicative of the role of these small acts of semi-insubordination in the lives of soldiers, and the importance of reading and writing in creating and maintaining a sense of normality and human connection within the de-personalising environment of war. Soldiers on both sides of the conflict continued to print trench and troopship journals until the Armistice, providing historians with valuable evidence of experiences and attitudes often ignored by the authorised military documentation of the war. Souvenir volumes of the journals were often published upon the return of each troopship to Australia, standing as mementos of comradery and friendship, memorials to the fallen and as a self-fashioned social history of the soldier class. These intimate accounts of conflict reveal the need and capacity of these men to create and maintain a unique cultural life within the tragedy of war.

References/Further reading:
- Baker, Kevin. Mutiny, Terrorism, Riots and Murder: A History of Sedition in Australia and New Zealand. Dural, NSW: Rosenberg, 2006.
- Burla, Robert. Crossed Boomerangs: The History of all the 31 Battalions. Loftus, NSW: Australian Military History Publications, 2005.
- Holden, Robert. And the Band Played On. Victoria, Australia: Hardie Grant Books, 2014.
- Jose, Arthur W. The Official History of Australia in the War of 1914-1918, Volume IX: The Royal Australian Navy. Seventh Edition. Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1939.
- Kent, David. From Trench and Troopship: the experience of the Australian Imperial Forces 1914-1919. Victoria, Australia: Southwood Press, 1999.
- Macdonald, Colin (Ed.). The Caruse of the Kanowna: Frederick Macdonald’s 1914 diary. Aranda, ACT: C.G. Macdonald, 2005.
- New Guinea Expedition August 1914 – Re Troopship “Kanowna,” mutiny on and sending back to Australia. National Archives of Australia, MP 1049/1, 1914/0486.
- Plowman, Peter. Voyage to Gallipoli. Dural, NSW: Rosenberg, 2013.