Tuesday, 30 June 2015

Between Battles 16: Angus & Robertson Pocket Editions

Photo Credit: Jane Ryder
Anzac soldiers were voracious readers. Books, magazines and newspapers from home (as well as trench journals produced at the front) were in high demand, and soldiers’ letters to their families frequently featured requests for reading material to ease the boredom of static trench warfare. The Salvation Army, Red Cross and YMCA collected books and periodicals for the troops, and patriotic organizations like the local Comforts Funds regularly stockpiled and posted books along with the usual parcels of tobacco, chocolate and socks.
Items donated to the Townsville Soldiers’ Sock and Comforts Fund.
Townsville Daily Bulletin, 20 December 1915, 7.
Commercial publishers also recognized the demand for literary entertainment, and in 1915 Angus & Robertson published a reduced-size “pocket edition” of C.J. Dennis’s Songs of a Sentimental Bloke, designed to be carried in the pocket of a military tunic and marketed as the ideal gift for a son or husband at the front. Angus & Robertson continued to release pocket editions throughout the war, several of which were featured in the “Between Battles” displays in the JCU Eddie Koiki Mabo Library and CityLibraries - Flinders St Branch, Townsville.  C.J. Dennis was by far the most popular author, but other writers such as the Scottish-Australian Will H. Ogilvy also featured, with his pastoral visions of the Australian bush and romantic appeals to a sense of duty to the “Mother Country” contrasting with Dennis’s irreverent and ironic portrayals of loveable larrikin characters.
Advertisement featuring pocket editions, “suitable for the trenches.”
Tribune (Melbourne), 21 December 1916, 8.
Pocket Editions marketed as Christmas gifts for soldiers.
Geelong Advertiser, 11 October 1916, 2.
These books represent more than an opportunistic marketing campaign by Angus & Robertson. The experiences of Anzac soldiers abroad fueled a nascent desire for an Australian literary identity, and works like The Moods of Ginger Mick were uniquely antipodean responses to the emerging modernism of European literary culture.  The Moods of Ginger Mick even included a glossary of Anzac-influenced Aussie slang, reinforcing the development of a distinct cultural identity. Dennis worked with one eye on the unfolding war, providing a darkly comic and identifiably Australian interpretation of combat and life on the home front. This topicality sometimes caused problems, and his poetic response to Anzac rioting in Egypt was excised from Ginger Mick by military censors and not published until 1918. 
Caption:  Various titles from Angus & Robertson's pocket editions held in the JCU Library Special Collections     Photo credit: Jane Ryder
Angus & Robertson’s pocket editions for the trenches provided more than a diversion from the harsh realities of war. They mark the emergence of a distinct Australian literary culture, intertwined with and indebted to its British origins but confident of its own unique audience and perspective. While often jingoistic and sentimental, these works were complex and ironic statements on the state of Australasian cultural life, and their nuanced and affectionate portrayals of Anzacs at war and at home resonated with a generation in the process of establishing a distinctive national identity.

Further Reading:

- Butterss, Philip. An Unsentimental Bloke: The Life and Work of C.J. Dennis. Kent Town, SA: Wakefield Press, 2014.
- Laugesen, Amanda. ‘Boredom is the Enemy’: The Intellectual and Imaginative Lives of Australian Soldiers in the Great War and Beyond. Farnham, Surrey, UK: Ashgate, 2012.

Show Holiday: Library Closed Townsville

The Eddie Koiki Mabo Library, JCU Townsville campus will be closed this Monday the 6th of July for the Townsville Show.

The 24 hour Information Commons computer lab located in the library will be open. It can be accessed from the north east door by students using their student card.

The library will reopen Tuesday the 7th of July at 8am til 9pm.

Visit the Library Opening Hours for more information.

2015 Library Client Survey Results Available Soon

You told us, we listened! We are now identifying actions to further improve library services and resources. 

In May 2015, Library and Information Services ran the JCU Library Client Survey. More than 3,548 people took the opportunity to tell us what they think about their libraries, and 41% provided a total of 2,669 comments. We also asked about research behaviours and how clients seek information. 2,838 respondents told us about their preferences and it is encouraging to note that overall 67% research a topic by looking first for items in One Search. This was followed by using Google or another search engine to find relevant resources.

The survey results help Library and Information Services staff identify:
  • What services and resources are most important to clients 
  • How we are performing in the delivery of these services and resources 
  • Priority areas for improvement 
The 2015 overall satisfaction score was 5.76 out of 7 placing JCU in the top 50% when benchmarked against other Australian university libraries. The overall weighted performance score, including all campuses and study centres, was 79.5%, a 1.8% increase on the 2012 survey results. The weighted performance score, excluding Brisbane and Singapore campuses, was 80.5%.

We thank you for your feedback and input into this important benchmarking process and continuous improvement exercise. A summary of the results and actions in response will be available soon, see Improving the Library.

Friday, 26 June 2015

Between Battles 15: Decorative Coal Scuttle

Caption:  Decorative Coal Scuttle from the 4RAA Museum Collection     Photo credit: Jane Ryder
This intriguing item is an example of World War One trench art held in the collection of the 4th Field Regiment Royal Australian Artillery (4RAA) Museum at Lavarack Barracks in Townsville.

Caption:  Detail (view 1) of the Decorative Coal Scuttle from the 4RAA Museum Collection     Photo Credit: Jane Ryder
Caption:  Detail (view 2) of the Decorative Coal Scuttle from the 4RAA Museum Collection     Photo Credit: Jane Ryder
Hand made from an 18-pounder brass ammunition shell, and decorated with an Australian rising sun badge, this piece of trench art is a replica coal scuttle- a common and highly recognizable household item of the period. Smaller versions of this same design are sometimes called sugar scoops; similar-looking household items that also featured a short stand and a handle.

Unfortunately nothing is known about the creator of this object although this particular example is indicative of a common theme within trench art.  Soldiers often crafted household items that served to remind them of home.

This precious object formed part of the Between Battles exhibition and was recently displayed at the Townsville CityLibraries -Flinders Street Branch.

Happy 112th Birthday George Orwell!

George Orwell is the pseudonym of Eric Arthur Blair, an English novelist, journalist and critic who is best known for his works Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. Born this day in 1903, George Orwell is ranked as one of the best British writers since 1945 (The Times, 2008), George Orwell lives on in popular culture with phrases such as ‘Big Brother,’ ‘Thought Police’ and ‘newspeak.’ His brilliant novels, particularly Nineteen Eighty-Four, have given rise to the term ‘Orwellian’ which is used to describe authoritarian or totalitarian social practices and is still a topic of academic debate.

To honour the birthday of a great novelist and political critic we encourage you to read his thought-provoking works found in our library here and to read more about his life and works in Encyclopaedia Britannica Online.

Thursday, 25 June 2015

Between Battles 14: One man’s trash is another man’s Trench Art

Photograph:  AWM Collection     Caption: Western Front c. 1916. A large quantity of empty shell casings and ammunition boxes representing a minute fraction of the ammunition used by the British Army in the bombardment of Fricourt. (Donor British Official Photograph A111)
The landscape in conflict zones on the Western Front had been drastically transformed by the onset of the world’s first industrial war. In addition to the direct changes wrought by bombardment with high explosives the landscape was littered with spent ammunition casings, abandoned weapons and machinery, and various other battlefield debris. However for some resourceful soldiers the wreckage of war represented potential, and they repurposed that wreckage into both practical and decorative items.  Such items are today collectively termed ‘trench art’.
Photograph: AWM Collection     Caption: Trench art kitchen scoop : Sapper S K Pearl, 5 Field Company Engineers, AIF
Materials such as bone, wood, cloth, metal and spent ammunition shells were made into ashtrays, decorative maps, picture frames, broaches, letter openers, vases, cigarette lighters, miniature airplanes and tanks, and keepsakes known as ‘sweetheart jewelry’ intended as gifts for loved ones back home. Artworks ranged from practical items with simple inscriptions, to elaborate decorative pieces, intended as works of art that highlighted the skill and expertise of the maker.

While the name may imply that these items were being made within the trenches during battle, the majority of items were actually produced during soldiers’ ‘off time’, either between battles or recovering from serious wounds in hospitals.
Photograph:  AWM Collection     Caption: Trench art photograph frame : Lieutenant W C Thompson, 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps
Our interest in these soldier made items is not simply in what was being made, but rather why items were being made and what this can tell us about the cultural lives of soldiers between battles. These items reflect an important cultural activity by soldiers that had a number of purposes and outcomes including:

1. The Alleviation of Boredom:  creating trench art was a good distraction from the discomforts of war and it helped many soldiers to pass the time and occupy their minds and hands.

2. Relaxation: creating something often helped soldiers to ‘switch off’ from their fighting role and it was often implemented as a therapeutic activity for wounded soldiers recovering in hospitals. It also provided wounded soldiers with a positive way to contribute to the war effort with many of their handmade items being sold for fundraising.

3. The Creation of trophies and talismans: artworks were often created with specially chosen materials that held particular value or symbolised a military victory or success.  Other items might also serve this purpose and British anthropologist Nicholas J. Saunders has studied the production of talismanic bullets engraved with a soldier’s name in the belief that it would protect him (Saunders 34).

4. Identification: Within the battlefield itself signs and ‘mascots’ were sometimes produced that stood as a symbol for a particular group or unit. For example, at the entrance to the Catacombs, Hill 63 (an extensive underground dugout) Australian troops erected a Kangaroo ‘mascot’. 
Photograph:  AWM Collection     Caption: A group of 7th Field Company of Australian Engineers at the entrance to the Catacombs - a system of tunnels built into Hill 63, in the Messines Sector. Note the cut out kangaroo silhouette at the top of the tunnel.
5. Reminders of loved ones: items were often intended as gifts to be sent home to loved ones, evidenced by the countless examples of ‘sweetheart jewellery’. Art historians Joe Bageant and Lisa Slade have suggested that soldiers created artworks to project themselves into the world.  For some soldiers, faced with the possibility of death, creating something of themselves to send back to their loved ones was particularly important.

6. The Maintenance of humanity: The desire to scribble and decorate things and to interpret the outside world through forms of art is part of human nature. Perhaps during times of war- a potentially dehumanizing activity- maintaining something innately human becomes increasingly important and as such trench art may be seen to represent an expression of humanity in extreme circumstances.

Photograph: AWM Collection     Caption: Trench art paper knife : Private A J Hinchley, 1 Battalion, AIF
The sheer number of trinkets and trench art items produced by soldiers during the First World War is indicative of the cultural role arts and craft played within the environment of war. Made from battlefield debris trench art items are quite literally the creations of war.

References/ Further reading:
- Saunders, Nicholas, J. “Trench Art”. History Studies 53, 11 (2003): 32-37.
- Slade, Lisa. “Trench Art: Sappers and Shrapnel”. Artlink, 35, 1 (2015): 21-25
- Bageant, Joe. “The Trench Art of World War I”. Military History, 21, 5(2004): 62-68

Wednesday, 24 June 2015

New Book Display Recommendation: Jason Wing

Each week recent purchases are placed on the new book displays inside the library and eBooks are made immediately available to use. You can subscribe to the New Library Books email or view the New Books list online. For instructions how to borrow an eBook by downloading check out our eBook LibGuide. Some eBooks require logging in with your JCU username and password, and additional software will need to be installed to download books. Most eBooks can be read online without downloading extra software.

JCU has a large collection of creative arts related titles discussing various art mediums from photography, music, film, print to painting. The titles range from histories, biographies to artist's profiles with examples of their works.

A title of interest is:

Jason Wing by Commissioning Editor Matt Poll and Jason Wing
Call Number: 700.92 WIN/WIN

This title covers Jason Wing,  his artistic development, motivation and discussion of his pieces, like the book cover's picture of the piece Captain James Crook 2013. Apart from the fact Jason is an example of contemporary Australia's multicultural and generally egalitarian society and art scene as he is of Scottish, Chinese and Aboriginal background and grew up in Western Sydney, the title contains a couple of interviews about the art he produces and prizes he has won, with a critique of his practice both by a professional art critic and the general public which touch on the least pleasant elements of Australian society.

Monday, 22 June 2015

Between Battles 13: Small Box Camera

Caption:  Soldier of the Great War - Astley James Bromfield on leave in Colombo on a rickshaw, Image from the Bromfield Album, NQ Photographic Collection, JCU Library Special Collections.   Photographer: unknown   
Recreational photography became popular around 1900 when Kodak released the first inexpensive camera, the ‘Box Brownie’. While available, cameras would still have been a luxury item for many soldiers during the First World War.

 The A.J. Bromfield Album (from the North Queensland Photographic Collection, JCU Library Special Collections) is a good example of armature soldier photography, and many of the photos were probably captured using a small portable box camera, similar in style to this slightly later model which was recently loaned to the Between Battles team by the 4th Field Regiment Royal Australian Artillery (4RAA) Museum at Lavarack Barracks in Townsville.

Caption:  Box Camera from 4RAA Museum Collection     Photo Credit: Jane Ryder
Caption: A rare photograph of World War One soldiers in the field with a bellows-style camera.  Source: 4RAA Museum Collection

Friday, 19 June 2015

A Tribute to James Matthew Barrie

Today is the 78th anniversary of the death of J. M. Barrie.

Do you know who J. M. Barrie is? Even if you don’t know the name there are few people in the Western world who cannot name at least one of his works thanks to the power of Walt Disney.

Here’s some hints:

The film adaptation was released in 1953.

It featured a boy.

And a girl.

And several more boys.

And a fairy.

And a pirate.

Yep it’s Peter Pan the boy who never grew up!

First released as a play in 1904, Peter Pan was written by Scottish novelist and playwright J. M. Barrie who died on July 19, 1937. Although most people know the Disney version of the story, did you know that Peter was initially intended to be the true villain of the story? Or that Captain Hook was only supposed to be a fill-in character to use up time so the set could be changed?

Or that the character of Peter Pan originally appeared in a short story in a book called The Little White Bird?  Or that the character of Peter is traditionally played by a girl?

Intrigued yet?

You can find out a lot of information about Barrie from the various encyclopaedias and reference works we subscribe to.  Why not have a stroll through the entries in Credo?

Why not read the book (or the play, or the story), available both in print and eBook, and read for yourself the original stories of the boy who never grew up.

Thursday, 18 June 2015

JCU Library Opening Hours: June 19th to July 26th 2015

Opening hours from Friday the 19th of June to Sunday 26th of July 2015

Townsville Eddie Koiki Mabo Library 

Monday to Friday                8.00 am to 5.00 pm
*Tuesday                           8.00 am to 9.00 pm 
Saturday                            1.00pm to 5.00 pm
Sunday                                 CLOSED

Public Holiday
Townsville Show Holiday     Monday 6 July 2015  

Cairns Campus Library 

Monday to Friday            8.00 am to 5.00 pm
*Tuesday                       8.00 am to 9.00 pm 
Saturday                        1.00 pm to 5.00 pm
Sunday                                  CLOSED

Public Holiday
Cairns Show Holiday     Friday 17 July 2015  

Check out the Opening Hours website for public holiday opening times.

The Secret River: Book versus Miniseries

The ABC has just screened the first part of a new TV miniseries The Secret River. The ABC webpage describes it as "based on Kate Grenville's multi-award-winning bestselling novel, the two part mini-series The Secret River tells the deeply personal story of Will and Sal Thornhill, early convict colonists in New South Wales. Screens on Sunday 14 June and Sunday 21 June at 8.30pm on ABC".

The writer of this entry has read both the novel The Secret River and the non-fiction book about the research and writing of the novel Searching for the Secret River, both held in the JCU Library.

The miniseries part one is good in this writer's opinion; it is a realistic and balanced portrayal of humans in the era of the penal colony and the Rum Corp (read a  review on the Guardian website). Comparing the TV series to reading both books -and reading both enhances the novel- is unfair. The novel has been awarded many prizes, and in 2012 the First Tuesday Bookclub on the ABC nominated it as one of the top ten Australian books to read before you die.

The book's strength is it starts earlier in the life of the Thornhills by opening in England. This allows more sympathy for the family to develop from the description of the social and physical world they existed in due to their social class. Once you read the background about the research, you learn that Kate Grenville based this on her ancestors and the story becomes more alive. Grenville traveled to places in London that are in the story like the apprentice hall for Thames River boatman. She also portrays aspects of Aboriginal society as accurately as could be done via the restrictions of the storyline focusing from the English convict-settlers' viewpoints. You appreciate after reading the books, how well put together the miniseries is in balancing historical accuracy, the novel's storyline, and fitting it to the television format.

Wednesday, 17 June 2015

New Book List Recommendation: Preventing Violence in Australia

Each week recent purchases are placed on the new book displays inside the library and eBooks are made immediately available to use. You can subscribe to the New Library Books email or view the New Books list online. For instructions how to borrow an eBook by downloading check out our eBook LibGuide. Some eBooks require logging in with your JCU username and password and additional software will need to be installed to download books, otherwise most eBooks can be read online.

A title of interest is:
Preventing violence in Australia: Policy, practice and solutions edited by Andrew Day and Ephren Fernandez.
Call Number: 364.40994 PRE

This title has chapters on a wide range of matters, including alcohol and violence, bullying, perpetrators and homicide, masculinity and violence, and violence in health services .

An extract from the publisher's website states:

This book has been written for all of those who are interested in understanding and preventing violence in Australia. Whether it occurs in the home, in the workplace, whilst out socialising or on the sports field, the personal, social, and economic costs of violence are often profound. Not only does it damage the physical and psychological health of those who are directly involved, but it also impacts adversely on many others - including witnesses, family and friends, and those law enforcement and health professionals who are expected to respond. And yet, there have been few previous attempts to draw together the various disciplinary and professional perspectives on how we might approach the task of preventing violence in Australia.

Monday, 15 June 2015

Between Battles 12: World War One Bugle

Caption: Bugle from 4RAA Museum Collection (View 1)   Photographer: Jane Ryder
Caption: Bugle from 4RAA Museum Collection (View 2)   Photographer: Jane Ryder
The bugle presented in the images above is held by the 4th Field Regiment Royal Australian Artillery (4RAA) Museum at Lavarack Barracks in Townsville and is typical of the type used during the First World War.  It was recently displayed at the Townsville City Libraries - Flinders Street Branch as part of the Between Battles ANZAC exhibition. 

The bugle is arguably one of Australia’s most iconic Anzac symbols and many people today associate it with the playing of the last post at dawn services. Bugles were used in ceremonial military activities during the First World War and they were also an important symbol of military service that were used for recruitment purposes. The most iconic poster of the First World War which features a bugler.
‘The Trumpet Calls’ by artist Norman Lindsay (http://museumvictoria.com.au/collections/items/1719082/poster-norman-lindsay-the-trumpet-calls-australia-world-war-i-circa-1918)

Friday, 12 June 2015

A spot of nonsense, with Edward Lear

Edward Lear was born on May 12, 1812 (which would make him 203, were he still alive today).

This is the master of poetry and nonsense who gave us the inimitable "The Owl and the Pussy-cat", "The Jumblies", "The Dong with the Luminous Nose" and "Calico Pie".

He was also well known for producing some of the most famous and most widely read limericks in the English Language.  You could well say he was the Limerick King.

A lot of Edward Lear's poetry has been digitised, and you can link through to many of his books from the results of this search in One Search.

But we also have print copies of his books, which you can also find by clicking on the link above.

Here's a taster of his work - an excerpt from his own self-portrait:
His mind is concrete and fastidious,
His nose is remarkably big;
His visage is more or less hideous,
His beard it resembles a wig.
~Edward Lear

Jackson, H (Ed.). (2001). The complete nonsense of Edward Lear. London, United Kingdom: Faber and Faber. (Original work published 1947)

Follow the JCU Library Twitter feed: @JCULibrary

Twitter's slogan is Twitter is your window to the world.

To peer through the library curtains at an information feed of 140 characters or less per post just follow JCU Library Twitter feed @JCULibrary. Go to https://twitter.com/jculibrary.

The Twitter feed will give you JCU Library related news including links to more in depth information available at the JCU Library & Computing News blog, on the JCU Library Facebook page, and upcoming Library Events, relevant IT news for accessing library information, other JCU news or other information JCU library tweeters find relevant.

There are a range of academic, social, college run, student and staff focused JCU official social media sources ranging across Twitter, Facebook, Flickr and YouTube. You can also follow many JCU academic staff's professional blogs and feeds. It is best to use the above link to official JCU social media sites to ensure you are getting true information about JCU.

Thursday, 11 June 2015

The Revolution in Academic Publishing: what you need to know

JCU Library and Information Services is hosting the following seminar next Friday, 19th June.

The Internet is transforming academic publishing. This includes the process of publishing, how publications can be shared, and how you can use, comment and build on existing published works.

If you are a JCU researcher and an author, reviewer or editor in academic publishing, you really need to come along to this presentation.

Topics that will be covered include Open Access publishing, publishing ethics, and why you should consider new publishing models.

The presenter, Dr Virginia Barbour is the recently appointed Executive Officer of the Australian Open Access Support Group. Dr Barbour has a long history of working in open access publishing, having joined PLOS in 2004 as one of the three founding editors of PLOS Medicine, finally becoming Medicine and Biology Editorial Director of PLOS in 2014. Her training in publishing was at The Lancet where she worked before joining PLOS.

Dr Barbour studied Natural Sciences at the University of Cambridge, then medicine at UCL and Middlesex Hospitals, London, specializing in haematology.  Her DPhil was on alpha globin gene regulation at the University of Oxford. She undertook post-doctoral work at St Jude Children's Research Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee.

Dr Barbour is Chair of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). She has been involved in a number of reporting guidelines including CONSORT, PRISMA  and TIDieR statements. She is an advisor to a number of publishing and ethics initiatives and is on the steering group of the AllTrials initiative. She has an academic title as Professor at Griffith University, Queensland and is also an honorary Professor at the University of Queensland.

Seminar Details

Date: Friday, 19 June 2015
Time: 11 am – 12 noon
Townsville - DA009:2 (Audio Visual Services room 002)
Cairns – A21.001 (Teaching Annex) (videoconferenced)

Between Battles 11: 4RAA Historical Collection

 The 4th Field Regiment Royal Australian Artillery (4RAA) has one of the longest historical lineages of any regiment in the Australian Army. The origins of the unit can be traced back to the Victorian Volunteer Artillery in the 1850s, however it was officially raised as the 4th Field Artillery Brigade (4FAB AIF) on 23 September 1915, when it was established as an artillery support to Australian units and allied forced based in Egypt during the First World War. 

Throughout two world wars and conflicts in Vietnam, East Timor and Bougainville, 4RAA has retained strong ties to its origins during World War One. Most importantly the spirit and the legacy of such a rich history continues to impact upon those involved with contemporary conflicts and peacekeeping activities today.   

This year the unit celebrates 100 years of service, making Anzac commemorations in 2015 enormously significant for the unit, as well as a perfect starting point for our own research.

4RAA maintains a unit museum and historical collection at Lavarack Barracks in Townsville where the unit is now stationed. The museum’s curator, retired Warrant Officer Class Two (WO2) Paddy Durnford, provides ongoing historical support to the unit with assistance from two highly dedicated volunteers, Kevin and Toby. 

Paddy is a very knowledgeable individual having held the position of curator for 16 years, and very kindly assisted our research team in identifying a number of cultural artefacts housed within the collection including musical instruments, examples of trench art and various soldiers’ personal possessions. 
Photographer:  Jane Ryder
The historical collection itself is quite broad comprising memorabilia from various engagements ranging from World War One through to Vietnam and all contemporary peace keeping objectives from Cambodia to Afghanistan.

The museum has a particular focus on regimental horses including heavy draft, light draft, riding horses and mules, as this was a unique aspect of 4RAA’s organisational structure since its inception prior to World War One, and an important aspect of the unit’s artillery history.  Artillery guns and ammunition are also included within the museums display. 

The collection is open by appointment only.  Members of the public may arrange to visit on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays. If you would like to know more about the museum or you would like arrange a time to view the historical collection please contact Paddy via phone on (07) 4411 7252 or by email at paddy.durnford@defence.gov.au.

References/Further reading:
Australian Army, 4th Regiment, RAA, retrieved from http://www.army.gov.au/Our-people/Units/Forces-Command/3rd-Brigade/4th-Regiment-RAA (accessed 11/06/2015)

Burke, A.R. 4th Field Regiment: Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery Historical Guide. Goprint: Brisbane, 2003.

Wednesday, 10 June 2015

New eBooks recommendation: Paleoamerican Odyssey

Each week recent purchases are placed on the new book displays inside the library and eBooks are made immediately available to use. You can subscribe to the New Library Books email or view the New Books list online. For instructions how to borrow an eBook by downloading check out our eBook LibGuide. eBooks are available online by logging in with your JCU username and password.

 A new eBook recommendation is:

Paleoamerican Odyssey edited by Kelly E. Graf, Caroline V. Ketron, and Michael R. Waters.

An extract from the publisher states:

As research continues on the earliest migration of modern humans into North and South America, the current state of knowledge about these first Americans is continually evolving. Especially with recent advances in human genomic studies, both of living populations and ancient skeletal remains, new light is being shed in the ongoing quest toward understanding the full complexity and timing of prehistoric migration patterns. Paleoamerican Odyssey collects thirty-one studies presented at the 2013 conference by the same name, hosted in Santa Fe, New Mexico, by the Center for the Study of the First Americans at Texas A&M University.

Monday, 8 June 2015

"My husband and I...": Listening to the Queen

About 15 years ago some clever linguists noticed that one of the world's most famous women had rather helpfully given speeches a year apart, every year, for over fifty years.

You couldn't ask for better grounds for a longitudinal study.

They discovered that her voice and pronunciation changed quite noticeably over the decades, and that the "Queen's English" of today was not the same as the "Queen's English" when she first came to the throne.

We celebrate the Queen's Birthday on the 6th of June - which is a bit odd since she was born on the 21st of April.  Since this is the day we acknowledge events in the Queen's life that didn't actually occur on this date, why not take the opportunity to watch a few of her Christmas speeches?

Even better, why not record one of your own?  Have your friends and family record a "Queen's Christmas Message" and keep it somewhere for posterity.  In a few decades time, it could be interesting to listen to the messages again and note how much your voices have changed.

You can read the original studies of the Queen's speeches here:

But you may find it easier going (and more entertaining) to read this article from The Telegraph, instead:

By the way, did you know the Queen visited our library?

True fact.

Friday, 5 June 2015

Exam week tips

Minimise exam period stress by controlling the things you can, like finding the exam dates and rooms, the rules about what you can and can't take, or finding good study spaces.

Here is a list of tips and JCU webpages to help you get the High Distinction that 13 weeks of steady studying deserve.

How does the whole exam thing work?
Exams & results 
Use this to find out where to go, what you need, and when to turn up. You can also find information about how to apply for special consideration, your grades and how to maintain a good academic level.

Where is my exam? 
Exam timetables
Students can find their personal exam timetables in StudentsOnline .
Campus maps to locate exam rooms
You could even do a visit beforehand to make sure you have the right room. There is usually a blue sticker above doorways with the building and room number on it.

What is my lecturer going to ask? 
Past examination papers
Reserve Online is JCU's central repository for past exam papers. A link is also located on the Library & Computing webpage called Readings & Past Exams.

Where can I study in peace? 
Library opening hours during exams.
The libraries in Townsville and Cairns have designated areas for different types of study from silent and solitary to more collaborative group revision. Both have 24 hour computer labs located in the building and Townsville library is open to midnight weekdays during the exam block.

The library staff wish you the best with your exams.

Thursday, 4 June 2015

New Book Display recommendation: Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics

Each week recent purchases are placed on the new book displays. You can subscribe to the New Library Books email or view the New Books list online.

A title of interest:
Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics by R.C. Hibbler
Call number: 620.1054 HIB

This is a custom book and is compiled from chapters 12-15 of  Engineering mechanics: Dynamics. It will be of interest for students enrolled in subjects which utilise this textbook. This textbook is laid out in a simple to read manner, introducing many of the basics concepts for mechanics in the physical sciences and problem exercises.

Queen's Birthday Public Holiday: Opening Hours Monday June 8th 2015

The library in Cairns and Townsville will be open for a half day on Monday the 8th of June 2015 for the Queen's Birthday public holiday.

MONDAY 8th of June 2015                   1.00pm to 5.00pm

Exam period opening hours will resume on the following day.

Happy Independence Day, Tonga!

The Kingdom of Tonga (known for a time as the "Friendly Islands") has had a unique history with the British Empire and the Commonwealth.  It was never officially "owned" by Britain, but was a British protectorate from 1900 until 1970.

On June 4, 1970, Tonga reasserted its independence, and ended its status as a protected state.

It is now one of the few nations in the Commonwealth that has its own sovereign monarch, rather than having the British monarchy as its head of state.

If you'd like to explore Tongan history further, why not look for some books in One Search?

When you look for books in One Search, it's always a good idea to use the Refine Your Search options down the side.  If you just search for "Tonga" and "History", you get all sorts of information (including a book about the history of the ukulele).  But when you use the Refine options, you can narrow your results to a more on-topic group.

Did you know you can refine your search to books about particular geographic areas by selecting Regions?

Here's a search we ran for Tonga* AND history, narrowed to Books/eBooks, the discipline of History & Archaeology, and the regions of Oceana and Tonga.

Oh, and here's that book about the history of the ukelele, just because ukuleles are awesome.

Tuesday, 2 June 2015

Between Battles 10: The Power of Music

Can you imagine an ANZAC day parade without a street march led by a military band, or the crisp call of a bugle? Odds are the answer is a resounding no! That’s because music and military bands have become embedded within our military culture to the point that such events would be unimaginable without them. Music is symbolic of its society, and during times of war and hardship, people like to be reminded that order and civility are still possible.

The power of music to convey emotions, to soothe unrest, or even to boost morale has been recognised by military forces around the world. In Australia, bands have been part of our military culture since Federation, though until the formation of the Australian Regular Army (ARA) in 1947, bands were unofficial in structure, drawing on part-time bandsmen whose roles as medics and stretcher-bearers were given priority. During the war years this often made music making on the front difficult as musicians were first and foremost fighting soldiers and as a result bands suffered many casualties. In some instances every single member of a battalion or regimental band was lost as a result of their stretcher-bearing roles, as was the experience of the 3rd Battalion Band at Pozieres.
Photograph:  AWM Collection  Caption: The Band of the 21st Battalion practicing beside a dump of salvaged farm implements at Cappy. No identification details were recorded for the men in this group.
During the First World War some 60 Australian military bands served overseas, practicing when they had time and often performing in the dark with audiences straining to hear them over the sound of gunfire. These bands brought much enjoyment to troops, raising their spirits, reminding them of home, and most importantly distracting them from the horrors and discomfort of war. Whilst each band would have been fondly remembered by the troops, it was arguably the 5th AIF Brigade Band that was most recognised by the allied audiences back home, thanks to a single photograph taken at the ruins of Bapaume on the Western Front in 1917.
Photograph: AWM Collection  Caption: The Band of the 5th Australian Infantry Brigade, led by Bandmaster Sergeant A Peagam of the 19th Battalion, passing through the Grande Place (Town Square) of Bapaume, playing the 'Victoria March' (19 March 1917)
This photograph, thought to have been captured by Lieutenant Herbert Baldwin (a British press photographer), circulated throughout the allied forces media both at the front and back home. Arguably one of the most iconic and well-known Australian war photos of its time; it depicted a dire scene.

After enduring one of France’s worst winters in almost twenty years, advances had been brought to a standstill and hope was being lost for any kind of victory to end the War. Capturing the town of Baupaume from German occupation had been a particular target for some time, as it would allow better access to road networks in use by the Allied forces, however progress had been painfully slow. Finally, after eight and a half months, the Germans began to withdraw on 24 February 1917, and by 17 March Australian forces had claimed the burning town. A media convoy attended the official celebration of the town’s occupation on 19 March 1917, during which time the band of the 5th AIF Brigade, led by bandmaster Sergeant Albert Peagam, marched with pride through the smoke.

The success at Baupaume, as illustrated by this single photograph, was heavily publicised. For audiences back home the photograph became a symbolic reminder of the Australian spirit and it instilled Australian national pride in getting the job done under any condition.  But above all the photo renewed hope in both civilians and soldiers alike that a civilized end to the War was possible.

The sad reality however was that the band that marched through the burning town hardly resembled the original 5th AIF Brigade Band. It was essentially a hastily formed new band comprising of members from the 17th, 18th 19th and 20th battalions, and although the photograph was a powerful reminder of national pride, it must also surely symbolize sacrifice.

Australian War memorial, “Bapaume to Bullecourt: The fighting in France, 1917”, https://www.awm.gov.au/blog/2007/04/03/bapaume-to-bullecourt-the-fighting-in-france-1917/

Cartledge, Damon Neil. "Developing Professionals for a Changing World of Work: Identity and  Change in the Australian Army Band Corps " RMIT University, 2002.

Holden, Robert. And the Band Played On. Victoria, Australia: Hardie Grant Books, 2014.