Wednesday, 31 October 2018

52 Book Challenge - Week 44

Science! It's a noun! Although the cool kids these days try to use it as a verb.

Can you "science the heck out of" something?

Maybe you can. Who knows if you should?

But "read" is definitely a verb, and this week we're challenging you to read about science in this week's Reading Challenge, which is:

44. A Book About Science.

Where would you find such a book? Well, the 500s are all about sciences in their natural state, and the 600s are all about applied science. Just to make life interesting, you'll find computer science and informtion science in the 000s, the social sciences in the 300s, applied science to do with languages in the 400s and geography up in the 900s (although that's more of an artform 😉).

The Dewey Summaries are broken down even further here. You can take a scientific approach to it, or just pick a topic that interests you, find the section that's right and go for a bit of a wander.

Have you missed out on hearing about the 52 Book Challenge? Catch up here.

Official launch of the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection

Last week we officially launched the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection at JCU Library, so we thought we'd share a few photos from this exciting event! An enthusiastic crowd of invited guests, university staff and students turned out for the launch, which was held on Wednesday, 24 October. Special guest speakers included JCU Vice Chancellor, Sandra Harding; AIMS CEO, Paul Hardisty; and leading expert on coral reef research, Charlie Veron. After the speeches, those in attendance were given the opportunity to view a selection of rare books from the Yonge Collection. Library staff and volunteers had trained to be "rare book guardians" for the showcase, and each "guardian" was armed with a wealth of knowledge about the books on show, providing a genuinely unique experience for those present. A short video presentation by Christopher Yonge (son of Sir Maurice Yonge), who shared personal memories and photographs of his father, capped off a truly special morning.

Library Director, Helen Hooper, addressing the audience at the launch of the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection. Pictured in the front row are: Sandra Harding, Bill Tweddell, Charlie Veron, Chris Cocklin, Paul Hardisty. Photo: Amber Swayn

Pictured L-R at the launch of the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection are: Maria Liliana Ortega, Charlie Veron, Sandra Harding, Paul Hardisty, Lisa Capps. Photo: Amber Swayn
JCU Library staff member and Rare Book Guardian, Samantha Baxter, carefully turning the pages of one of the rare books from the showcase. Photo: Amber Swayn

Special Collections Volunteers (and Rare Book Guardians), Suzie Davies and Liz Downes, showing rare books at the launch of the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection. Photo: Amber Swayn
JCU Library staff and volunteers (also known as Rare Book Guardians). Photo: Bronwyn McBurnie

Viewing rare books at the launch of the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection. Photo: Rebecca Franks

If you missed earlier posts in this series - you can catch up here (just scroll down)

* Read more about the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection
** Browse the titles in the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection

Monday, 29 October 2018

Reading Challenge Week 43 - A book about psychology.

The human mind is a strange and mysterious thing. We like to think we know what's going on up there, but most of the time we're completely clueless. And yet, when you understand how the mind works and why people behave the way they do, it can empower you to make better decisions and more constructive actions. That's the positive side of psychology.

The negative side of psychology is that, when you understand how the mind works and why people behave the way they do, it can help you manipulate others for gain and profit. That's why marketing spends a lot of money on applied psychology.

This week's Reading Challenge was to read a book about psychology. Did you find a book that taught you something interesting about what's happening in your skull?

For this week’s Challenge I decided to check out the library’s New Books page, which can be accessed from the library catalogue. As it is organized by subject, it was easy to find our latest purchase on psychology – Feeling Good by Doing Good: A Guide to Authentic Self-Esteem by Christopher J. Mruk (ebook).

After decades of research into self-esteem and positive psychology, Mruk has written a book in layman’s terms to show that feeling good about yourself isn’t self-focused but rather a by-product of being your best self and doing good to others.  The book explores topics such as as self-control, how self-esteem operates in school or work, how self-esteem helps us make healthier choices, strategies to increase authentic self-esteem, and the connection between authentic self-esteem, relationships, and well-being.

I found this book immensely practical because each day we are faced with what Mruk calls ‘self-esteem moments’, in which we choose to respond in ways that either damage or enhance our self-esteem, with each choice having an accumulative effect.  JCU has access to unlimited copies of this ebook so you can dip into it whenever you need to.

Sharon Bryan read Motivating People to be Physically Active, by Bess H. Marcus and LeighAnn H. Forsyth.

This book (which was only slightly updated from the first edition, which was published in 2003 and heavily relied on studies conducted in the 90s) looks at the way people are "ready" to take on an exercise regime. The core concept is that people need to be given advice that's tailored to their motivational stage if they are going to listen to that advice and be motivated to improve their level of exercise.

Essentially, there are five stages of "motivational readiness for change" (which was adapted from research done in the 70s regarding people trying to give up smoking). In Stage 1, you're not even thinking about exercise. In Stage 2, you're thinking about it, but not really doing it. In Stage 3, you're trying a bit of exercise, but not enough to actually meet the guidelines recommended by all the health organisations. In Stage 4, you're getting enough exercise, but it isn't yet a habit. In Stage 5, getting enough exercise is habitual.

Each stage of this journey has different needs in terms of intrinsic motivation (encouraging yourself to exercise), extrinsic motivation (when your exercise therapist/physio/doctor/life coach encourages you to exercise) and self-efficacy (when you're able to come up with work-arounds to problems on your own). The book is written for professionals who are encouraging their patients or clients to make exercise habitual (and not back slide into a sedentary life style).

On thing this book mentioned that I'll try to take on board personally is the idea of lapse vs relapse. Apparently humans are a bit too fond of saying "well, I've missed three days in a row, I guess that means I've given up now!" What we need to do is avoid thinking we've failed completely when we hit a hurdle and break our stride, and say to ourselves "well, I've had a bit of a break now - it's time to get back into it!"

Library Extended Opening Hours

It's that time of year again. SWOT VAC has begun and Exams are just around the corner. No need to panic, JCU Libraries will have extended exam opening hours to help you get through.

Don't forget that in Townsville the 24/7 InfoCommons and iLearning rooms are also available for student use outside library opening hours.

Extended exam opening hours will operate from Monday 29 October - Thursday 15 November.

Mabo Library (Townsville)
Monday - Friday: 7:30am - Midnight
Saturday-Sunday: 10am - 10pm

Cairns Campus Library
Monday - Friday: 7:30am - Midnight
Saturday-Sunday: 10am - Midnight

Sunday, 28 October 2018

From Swords to Ploughshares - Introducing the Research Team

Participants in the Armistice Day celebrations, Flinders Street, Townsville, 1918. Photo: City Libraries Townsville Local History Collection

The signing of the Armistice between Germany and the Allies on 11 November 1918 signalled the end of World War I and sparked a celebration in Townsville - the likes of which the city had never seen before. An enormous procession of motor vehicles and horse-drawn lorries, buggies and spring carts, stretching for almost 2.5km, passed through Flinders Street three times over. A huge bonfire was lit at the top of Castle Hill. But after the excitement had died down and the volunteers started returning from the war, what did they make of their lives? From Swords to Ploughshares explores this question, by delving into the lives of those who returned from the war and made lasting contributions to the community of Townsville. In today's post we meet the researchers working on the project.
Dr Claire Brennan. Photo: James Cook University
Dr Claire Brennan is history discipline coordinator at James Cook University in the College of Arts, Society & Education. Claire’s teaching focuses on the environmental history of Australia and the Pacific; Australian and Pacific exploration; and global history. While her research centres on the history of animals her global history interests mean that she is currently exploring the ANZAC centenary and its commemoration.
Dr Lyndon Megarrity, pictured with books on the life of L.J. Wackett, who served in World War I.  Photo: Trisha Fielding
Dr Lyndon Megarrity is an adjunct lecturer at the College of Arts, Society and Education and is a tertiary teacher and historian specialising in Australian history. His latest book is Northern Dreams: The Politics of Northern Development in Australia (2018). Lyndon's interest in the current project has been in highlighting the stories of Townsville World War I soldiers and how these men contributed to society after the war.
Trisha Fielding. Photo: Bronwyn McBurnie
Trisha Fielding is a professional historian and freelance writer. She has written more than 120 historical articles for regional Queensland newspaper, the Townsville Bulletin, and writes two history blogs: North Queensland History and Women of the North. Her latest book Queen City of the North: a History of Townsville, was published in 2016. Trisha has enjoyed uncovering the stories of resilience and determination in the lives of World War I returnees for the Swords to Ploughshares project.
Rachel Garlando. Photo supplied
Rachel Garlando has a research interest in genealogical history, and in particular, the loss of identity and culture that can be the result of lost histories. Having grown up in a transient family that moved around Australia and the world, Rachel has a special interest in telling people's stories and ensuring their history is preserved for future generations. Rachel is currently completing her Bachelor of Arts in history and criminology at James Cook University.

In our next post we'll discuss some of the stories the team have uncovered. 
Don't forget to check out the displays in the James Cook University library and the Flinders Street branch of City Libraries from 1 November 2018.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Friday, 26 October 2018

Open Educational Resources Library Guide

This week, Open Access Week, we've been sharing a number of events and resources to celebrate free and open access to information.

In Cairns and Townsville we showed the movie Paywall, which explored the way publishers have been milking researchers and librarians for money, and put forward the case for Open Access publishing.

We told anyone who would listen to us about our Open Access Publishing guide, which gives researchers information and options about publishing their research in open and accessible publications.

And we welcomed a new Special Collection to the fold - the Sir Charles Maurice Yonge Collection, meaning that hundreds of books that used to be in a private collection are now able to be viewed by members of the public (and stay tuned to hear about digitisations from our Special Collections as we secure copyright permissions).

To cap off Open Access Week, we'd like to introduce you to our newest library guide:
Image by Markus Büsges (leomaria design)
[CC BY-SA 4.0]
Open Educational Resources (OER).

This guide is a teaching resource. It gives information about OERs and provides some guidance on where to find them and how to use them.

Open Educational Resources are books, journal articles, sound files, video files, study plans, lesson plans, entire courses, curriculums and MOOCs that can be accessed by students for free. When lecturers assign open textbooks for a course, it means students no longer have to worry about how they are going to pay for an expensive textbook. It cuts the cost of providing education, and it cuts the cost of gaining an education.

Open Educational Resources may completely revolutionise the way we study in the future. Want to learn more? Check out the guide.

Wednesday, 24 October 2018

52 Book Challenge - Week 43

"Doctor, doctor! I think I'm a dog!"
"Well, lie down on the couch and we'll talk about it."
"I can't, I'm not allowed on the furniture..."

It's always fun when you can announce this week's Reading Challenge with a terrible joke. Here's another old pearler:

A. How many psychologists does it take to change a light bulb?
B. Only one, but the light bulb has to really want to change.

Oh, in case you haven't guessed, the challenge for this week is:

43. A book about psychology. 

Now, we may have started this post with a couple of bad jokes regarding psychologists, but psychology is about much more than couches and therapy. It's about how your mind actually does what it does and - most importantly - why. This touches on all aspects of our lives, including how we learn, how we interact with each other and why we walked into a shop wanting a loaf of bread and came out with a packet of "smokey bacon" flavoured Twisties.

Have you missed out on hearing about the 52 Book Challenge? Catch up here.

Monday, 22 October 2018

Reading Challenge Week 42 - A book with an appealing cover.

They say you shouldn't judge a book by its cover, but when the cover is arrestingly attractive, why wouldn't you judge in favour of picking up the book to see what it's like inside?

This week's Reading Challenge was to find a book with an appealing cover. Now, if you've read a few of our reviews, you're probably thinking "I bet they raided the Curriculum Collection for this one." Well, you're mostly right. Brenda managed to find something in the religion section though, so hooray for thinking outside the box!

Brenda Carter read Mandalas of the World: A Meditation and Painting Guide by Rudiger Dahkle

If you’ve visited the JCU Cairns library recently you will have seen and maybe helped colour in some beautiful mandalas we have on the ground floor. If you would like to learn more about mandalas and photocopy some more to colour yourself (up to 10% of the total pages of course), Mandalas of the World may be just the book for you.

Not knowing what mandalas symbolize, I was interested to read about their origins, designs and how they have been used throughout the world. What, you ask, is a mandala?

The Mandala is movement – is a wheel of life – the image of the universe, constantly emerging from the one centre, striving towards the outside and at the same time converging out of the diversity to the one centre. Every person recognizes this basic pattern, because it is carried within the self (p. 22).

The author invites us to read and paint our way through the book as an act of self-discovery, a ritual in which how and why we do things is more important than what we do.

You can find Mandalas of the World on the shelf at 291.37 DAH – just look for the book with the appealing cover.

Scot Dale read Baloney (Henry P.) by Jon Scieszka and Lane Smith.

Never judge a book by its shiny cover. When I saw that this week’s Reading Challenge required a book with an appealing cover, I moved straight towards the Curriculum Collection. The book I selected, Baloney (Henry P.), has a cute, green alien face on the cover and a metallic background.

Baloney (810 SCI) has a simple plot:
Henry is late for school
Henry’s teacher threatens lifelong detention
Henry invents a “good” excuse

This simple story is made interesting by the use of language Scieszka has employed and the great artwork by Smith (this is the same team that brought us Squids will be Squids).

The story includes words from many different languages throughout the story. These non-English words appear in a yellow font so that they really stand out. This leads the reader to try and figure out the word meaning from its context. There is a “decoder” at the back of the book for verification. The decoder lists each of these non-English words along with their meaning and their language of origin.

The artwork is similarly diverse, employing mixed materials and methods to show us the space world of Henry P. Baloney.

It’s great to learn new things from unexpected places. I now know that the Latvian word for pencil is zimulis and that pordo is the Esperanto word for door.

Sharon Bryan read The Shop at Hoopers Bend, by Emily Rodda.

This book was one of those lovely random selections that usually bring me so much joy. You see, my manager (bless her soul) said, "Hey, it's Reading Hour - let's all grab something and read it in public for an hour!" Since I didn't have anything I was currently reading with me at the time, I grabbed a book with a pretty cover from the Children's Book Week display, and then sat down to discover what it was.

Emily Rodda has been writing books for middle-school kids for a couple of decades, and she does it well. You may know her from the Deltora Quest books, or the Rowan of Rin series, or perhaps the Rondo trilogy, but her place on my bookshelf when I was growing up was held by The Best-Kept Secret.  I loved that element of fantasy within the here-and-now.

The Shop at Hoopers Bend (which can be found at C820.94 ROD, when not on display) is a special kind of wonderful. It's a stand alone book (so rare these days) about a shop in a country town (the kind with a house at the back) which just happens to be Home (capital H) for a young girl, a recently "retired" (made redundant) woman and a dog - it's just that they don't yet know they all belong in that shop as a family. A little bit of magic (or is it just coincidence?) and a sprinkling of stardust built into the very fabric of the universe pulls everyone together, where they should be.

If there is any justice in the world, this book will become beloved by generations of readers, and the idea that we click or clash with people based on the stardust in our atoms will become widespread.

There are a few books I have borrowed from libraries in my time that have made me say, "I will spend money on that book and buy one for myself" - this is one of them.

Open Access Week: 22 - 28 October

Open Access Week 2018 will be held from 22-28 October. This year’s theme is Designing equitable foundations for open knowledge, highlighting the importance of equity and inclusivity in open systems.

Open Access to information – the free, immediate, online access to the results of scholarly research, and the right to use and re-use those results as you need – has the power to transform the way research and scientific inquiry are conducted. It has direct and widespread implications for academia, medicine, science, industry, and for society as a whole (Shockey, 2018).

Open Access communication of research outputs maximizes the distribution, potential usage and outcomes of research findings. Open Access can make the difference between being cited and not cited. The easier it is to access a work, the more likely it is to be downloaded, read and cited.

Now in its 10th year, Open Access Week will be celebrated around the globe. The JCU Library will be screening the film, Paywall: The Business of Scholarship which argues that major for-profit academic publishers are contributing to inequity by making access to research results unaffordable.

Screening times

When: Monday 22 October, 3pm-5pm
Where: Room B1.107, Building B1 - Library

When: Thursday 25 October 18, 1pm-3pm
Where: Room 18.002A, Building 18 - Eddie Koiki Mabo Library

You can learn more about open access publishing, how you can have research published in open access journals and repositories, and find links to open access resources in the Open Access Publishing Libguide.

While you're in the library, check out our displays or talk to your liaison librarian about how Open Access can work for you.

Saturday, 20 October 2018

From Swords to Ploughshares: Townsville men and women who served their community in war and peace

Anzac Day procession, Flinders Street, Townsville, 1922. The standard bearer, carrying the Union Jack and leading the procession is Sergeant H. Thorley. Photo: City Libraries Townsville Local History Collection.

November 11, 2018 marks the centenary of the Armistice that ended the First World War. Reflecting on this anniversary provides us with a unique opportunity to consider the connections between war and peace. People who volunteered to serve during World War I left lives behind: some of those who returned built military careers, some continued to use and develop their professional skills, while other set about contributing to the civic and recreational life of their communities.

This exhibition developed by James Cook University, commemorates the contributions of Townsville’s service men and women to the creation of peace and a flourishing community in Townsville. ‘From Swords to Ploughshares’ seeks to explore the stories of those who returned from military service and resumed their civilian lives, and recognises the roles they have played in developing their town, region, and country; along with their contribution to a lasting peace.

Postcard of the 7thField Ambulance in France, 1917. Photo: Private Collection

Some of the original items and materials discovered by the project research team will be on display across three Townsville locations – the Flinders Street branch of City Libraries and the James Cook University Eddie Koiki Mabo Library from 1 November to 30 November 2018; to be followed by a display at the Museum of Tropical Queensland.

Discover more about the findings of the project by following a series of blog posts via the JCU Library News Blog under the series name “From Swords to Ploughshares”. Follow the posts, read more, and see some of the exciting discoveries unearthed by the research team.
Townsville nurse, Sister Blanche Geary, is pictured second from left, sailing on the Suez Canal. Photo: Australian War Memorial

Acknowledgements: This project has been funded by the Department of Veterans’ Affairs through the Armistice Centenary Grants Program in the federal electorate of Herbert. It has also received support from JCU Library Special Collections, Townsville City Council City Libraries, and the Museum of Tropical Queensland. Additional support from the Army Museum North Queensland, Townsville RSL Library, Townsville Museum and Historical Society, 1RAR Museum, and the Maritime Museum of Townsville, is also gratefully acknowledged.

Project Team:
In our next blog post, we'll meet the members of the research team!

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Friday, 19 October 2018

Feature book

Paved with good intentions: Terra Nullius, Aboriginal land rights and settler-colonial law

Over a century before the Mabo case recognised Native Title and rejected the doctrine of Terra Nullius, Aboriginal land rights were briefly acknowledged in two Australian colonies. Paved with Good Intentions, reveals the many strong declarations in favour of Aboriginal land rights in early Colonial times, and shows how this language was twisted and remodelled to support dispossession of Aborigines.

You can borrow this book from JCU Library.

Wednesday, 17 October 2018

'Behind the Scenes' of the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection - Part 2

Last week we heard from Library staff who’ve been involved in cataloguing the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection, and in this week’s post, we take a look at some of the other tasks involved in caring for, and interpreting, this fabulous collection. Bronwyn McBurnie, Manager Special Collections, said that when new collections were received, it was particularly important to ensure that items were free of insects.

“Incoming collections and materials are inspected for live insects or evidence of insect activity. That inspection might indicate that freezing items is a good idea to ensure there is no live insect life still present,” Bronwyn said.
Bronwyn McBurnie, Manager, Special Collections, placing books in the freezer.
“Many of the rare books from the Yonge Collection were frozen and stored in our chest freezer at below -20 degrees Celsius for three weeks. In preparing for this freezing the items were carefully packed into airtight polyethylene bags. Upon removal from the freezer the items remained packaged until they had slowly come back to room temperature, before they rejoined the Collection,” she said.

“For this process to be effective it is necessary to use a temperature below -20 degrees Celsius, place items in the right type of airtight bags and freeze them for a substantial period of time.” 

Before you try this at home read more about the process from the experts (note that some items should not be frozen). Look to the State Library of Queensland’s advice about freezing collections and the University of Texas conservation pages.

Special Collections Volunteer, Jennifer Tompkins, has been transcribing cataloguing information onto acid-free cards to insert inside the rare books in the Sir Charles Maurice Yonge Collection. Jennifer said that she feels privileged to have the opportunity to hold and look at books that were published before Captain Cook sailed up the east coast of Australia. Jennifer is pictured below, writing a card for a book titled Of the natural history of the Adriatic Sea by Doctor Vitaliano Donati, published in 1750.
Jennifer Tompkins, Special Collections Volunteer

When it came to researching and writing blog posts about the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection, and the story of Yonge’s 1928 expedition to the Great Barrier Reef, Special Collections Library Officer, Trisha Fielding, found that there were a number of fascinating aspects about the early expedition she really enjoyed exploring.

“It struck me that the expedition to the reef that Sir Maurice Yonge led in 1928 would have been such an incredible adventure for those people who were involved. The researchers from the UK were a highly talented group of young scientists, with varying specialties in the fields of zoology, biology, hydrography, botany and chemistry,” Trisha said.

“It was a great adventure just getting from England to Australia, and when they arrived here they were treated as VIPs. They were billeted with some of the most important families in Brisbane, and treated to a lavish welcome dinner held in their honour,” she said.

“One of the most unexpected things for me, was discovering how many women were involved in the expedition. But not, as you might perhaps expect, in a domestic capacity. Mattie Yonge, wife of C.M. Yonge, was the expedition’s medical officer, but she also assisted with practical field work. Several others - zoologists Sheina Marshall, Elizabeth Fraser and Sidnie Manton - were all highly accomplished in their field. Sidnie Manton had completed her university studies at Cambridge at the top of her class, but because women were not considered full members of the university, she was not awarded the University Prize.”

“So it must have been exciting for them to participate in such a groundbreaking scientific expedition, given that they sometimes missed out on opportunities because of their gender.”
Trisha Fielding, Special Collections Library Officer, researching the story behind the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection.

“Those women who were not scientists themselves also contributed much more than might at first be assumed. This was particularly true of Anne Stephenson, who is credited as co-author with her husband T.A. Stephenson on two articles resulting from the research at Low Isles (and on another twelve articles with him on subsequent research in South Africa and North America).”

“Gweneth Russell, wife of the expedition’s deputy leader, Frederick Russell, was evidently a very useful person to have around, as she had been awarded an MBE for her work during the First World War, organising the labour supply for a munitions factory.”

“I also enjoyed learning about how Sir Maurice Yonge had built up his scientific library over the course of six decades. In his travels throughout the world, he often visited antiquarian book stores in out-of-the-way places, and would purchase books to add to his collection.”

“When I was first introduced to the Sir Maurice Yonge Collection, its size and scope reminded me a little of the library onboard the submarine-like vessel, the Nautilus, in Jules Verne’s book 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea. Although Verne’s book is a work of fiction, Captain Nemo’s library contained thousands of volumes on natural history and science, not unlike the library that Yonge spent a lifetime building.”

“It’s just incredible to think that such a significant collection is now housed here at James Cook University Library.” 

Our regular Blogger for the Special Collections Fossicking’s Series, Liz Downes, has been actively researching a totally unique item she discovered in the Collection titled British Marine Algae. This volume contains 35 stunning botanical pressings (of seaweed) prepared by Annie Slade and gifted to Mr. and Mrs. Edmund Slatter in 1884. Liz has been researching and learning about the unusual pastime of seaweed collecting and pressing which was popular with Victorian women.
Pages from British Marine Algae, an album of pressed seaweeds, prepared by Annie Slade.
Special Collections Volunteer and Fossickings blogger, Liz Downes working with the British Marine Algae Album.

Stay tuned to the JCU Library News blog as Liz will share her discoveries with us later this year.

If you missed earlier posts in this series - you can catch up here

* Read more about the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection
** Browse the titles in the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection