Monday, December 2, 2013

Modern Slavery

Today is the United Nations' (UN) International Day for the Abolition of Slavery and it marks the adoption by the UN General Assembly of the Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others (resolution 317(IV) of 2 December 1949. Some people will imagine slavery as something that happened in the past but as the UN oultlines on the above link  that there are contemporary forms of slavery:
  • people trafficking (not to be confused with people smuggling)
  • sexual exploitation
  • debt slavery
  • child labour
  • forced marriage
  • forced recruitment of children as soldiers
It is easy  to find news articles that describe situation like these in Australia or for example that some of our basic consumer products being produced by people in these situations overseas.

Here are some recent articles and titles in relation to this,
  1. Human Trafficking and Slavery By Justin Healy. The global trade of trafficking men, women and children into the sex industry and labour markets has been the subject of growing public and international concern. Human trafficking is a complex, multi-faceted crime with no single solution. Many countries are affected by it in some way, and Australia, as a destination country for trafficking victims, is no exception.
  2. A short article by Carol Levett titled Modern Day Slavery about her reflections from attending the International Council of Nurses (ICN) Congress in Melbourne and realising the extent and the Australian response to contemporary slavery.
  3. Global Slavery Index The Index, which will be published annually, is the first of its kind and gives the most accurate and comprehensive measure of the extent and risk of modern slavery, country by country, currently available.
  4. Australasian Reflections on Modern Slavery  by Barbara Ann Hocking and Yega Muthu. As the title is explicit basically an examination of slavery within the Australian context.
  5. Slavery and Its Defintion by Jean Allain and Kevin Bales.  A good read about how to define legally what slavery is in the modern context comparing to the traditional concept of actual ownership of another human.

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