|Photographer: A J Bromfield, NQID1265, North Queensland Photographic Collection.|
|Front and reverse of French cartoon propaganda card. On the reverse, Bromfield comments on the usefulness of the new Atherton sewer system as an air raid shelter! Private Collection.|
|Pre-filled postcards, in English and German. Bromfield may have captured or traded for the German card. Several photographs in his collection are marked “Captured from Hun.” Private Collection.|
Have been out to the Pyramids and went right up to the top, also inside the basement. Then we saw the Sphinx and the vaults there. Also the city that has been unearthed just by the pyramid.
Nearly every Anzac soldier in Egypt visited or climbed a pyramid, and photographs of groups in front of the Sphinx and other ancient sites were common. The fascination was so strong as to become dangerous, and several men were injured and possibly killed by falls from the unstable sides. By visiting these monuments, Anzacs established a connection between their own martial efforts and those of Egyptian, Roman, and European soldiers over preceding centuries. The desire to see and experience the foreign world of Egypt was both pleasurable tourism and an expression of their identity and role within a truly global “Great War.” The enthusiasm of the Anzacs, however, was more pronounced than their British comrades, and Bromfield notes, perhaps with some ironic pride:
It’s no wonder that the Tommies call us the six bob a day tourists.
|Front and reverse of postcard. In the early 20th century Heliopolis was a luxurious haven for European expatriates, and in 1910 staged the “Great Week of Aviation,” featuring the first air races held over Africa. Private Collection.|
|Front and reverse of postcard showing the road to the pyramids. Private Collection.|
|Front and reverse of postcard showing the Palace Hotel, Heliopolis. This hotel was converted into the “Auxiliary Hospital” during the war. Bromfield was a patient several times during his service in Egypt. Private Collection.|
|First side reads "J Bromfield, Tel el Kabir, Egypt 20/4/16; and on the second side "I picked this stone up on the Tel el Kabir battlefield on my birthday 20/4/1916"|
Featherstone, Donald. Colonial Small Wars 1837-1901. Newton Abbott, Devon, UK: David & Charles, 1973.
Fraser, John. “Propaganda on the Picture Postcard.” Oxford Art Journal 3, no. 2 (1980): 39-47.
Kerr, Greg. Private Wars: Personal records of the Anzacs in the Great War. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Leiser, Gary. “The First Flight Above Egypt: The Great Week of Aviation at Heliopolis, 1910.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Third Series, 20, no. 3 (2010): 267-294.
Spiers, Edward M. The Victorian Soldier in Africa. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2004.