Tuesday, 18 September 2018

Browzine.com API integration with One Search Trial

We are currently trialling Browzine's API in One Search to make access to article PDFs 'one click' where possible.

We are also using the API to make it simple for users to browse the issue the article came from, and from there the entire journal. We hope this will aid the 'serendipitous discovery'.
Sample of One Search result with Browzine API links to PDF and issue
Browzine integration in One Search search results showing the direct link to PDF and the 'View Complete Issue' link

Why are we doing this?

We believe there are two advantages to leveraging Browzine's technology within One Search:
  1. One click to PDF - Getting to fulltext from One Search can be problematic - often there are a chain of clicks, first to Find It @ JCU Library, then in the publisher site, and then to the PDF link - and every publisher has a different way of providing a link to the PDF
  2. The link to the issue of a journal opens up a world of possibilites for serendipitous discovery within a discipline, by seeing the article in the context of the issue and journal it appears in we believe students will be exposed to relevant (in the context of their studies, as opposed to the content of a particular assignment) content that will broaden their understanding and engagement in their academic disciplines. This sort of discovery was sidelined by replacement of print by electronic and database searching, we see this as one way of re-enabling it.
Using the Browzine API in One Search does not require the creation of a Browzine.com account.


Please let us know what you think through the feedback link in One Search.

What is Browzine?

Browzine.com is a service JCU Library provides to enable users to track and manage newly published journal literature in their disciplines of choice. There is a simple signup using your email and choosing a password.

Once logged in you can create a 'newstand' of your favourite journals and get notification when a new issue is released that includes the table of contents and links to the articles.

You can save and share your favourite articles. An app for mobile devices is available and syncs seamlessly with the website and each instance you have of the app.
Read more here...

52 Book Challenge - Week 38

Hello reading champions! Your challenge this week is to read:

38. An epic poem

A poem - that should be quick and easy, right? Maybe not. 

An epic poem tends to be rather long - as long as a novel, in fact, but with an exciting narrative to spur you on. Before the development of writing, epic poems were memorized and played an important part in maintaining a record of the great deeds and history of a culture.

While memorising or even reciting an epic poem this week is optional, we do invite you to read one - think "Beowulf", Homer's "Odyssey" or Milton's "Paradise Lost". 

A quick Google search will give you some examples of epic poems which you can then search for in our library catalogue, if you don't have you own copy. Fortunately we also have some epic poems available as audiobooks.

Have you missed out on hearing about the 52 Book Challenge? Catch up here.

Monday, 17 September 2018

International Day of Peace - 21 September

Each year the International Day of Peace is observed around the world on 21 September. This is a day for people to renew their commitment to peace, both globally and personally. The UN Sustainable Development Goal 16, “Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions” promotes peaceful, inclusive and sustainable societies where there is justice and peace for all.

This year's theme is “The Right to Peace - The Universal Declaration of Human Rights at 70”.

It is time all nations and all people live up to the words of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which recognizes the inherent dignity and equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human race. This year marks the 70th anniversary of that landmark document.

                                                                                          - UN Secretary-General António Guterres

The Cairns JCU library will be celebrating the International Day of Peace all week. Come in and view our display, relax while colouring in our mandala or help craft a mandala collage (presented by JCU Counselling & Wellbeing).

You can also be involved at a community level by attending events in Townsville and Cairns to commemorate the Day and promote peace.

Reading Challenge Week 37 - A Book about Philosophy

To read or not to read? Liz, Scott and Brenda chose the affirmative. How did you go? I was surprised by the number of philosophy books on our shelves, as well as the many ebooks available. Did you learn about Aristotle, Confucius or Descartes? Or perhaps you read a book with a hearty dose of homespun philosophy? We'd love to hear your recommendations.

Elizabeth Smyth read The Philosophy of Tragedy: From Plato to Žižek, by Julian Young.

If you have ever wondered why people are drawn to tragic events, either as spectators or participants, this is the book for you.

Young takes us on a journey through the minds of renowned philosophers, from Plato and Aristotle through to Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and beyond. He considers the ideas of writers too, such as Miller and Camus.

Simple explanations help the lay reader understand what has clearly taken decades of scholarship to derive. For example, to help us understand Plato, Young likens poets to the media. We can then more easily understand Plato’s view that poets are too emotional to contribute to knowledge.

We go on to discover Aristotle’s deliberations on catharsis as a safe release of emotions, which he believed was preferable to repression. And his notion that we derive satisfaction from witnessing fictional representations of events that in real life would horrify us.

I particularly liked Hegel’s realization that, in the absence of an ethical resolution, a writer may as well give an audience a happy ending. For in tragedy, what difference does it make one way or the other? As long as we are left with an understanding of the protagonist’s one-sided point of view.

And then, how true is Schopenhauer’s observation that if we get what we want we are bored, not immediately, but soon after? That life swings between lack and boredom?

Finally, Young reminds us that the arts and aesthetics are crucial to human life. For me, this is the most important point of this book.

You can find The Philosophy of Tragedy: from Plato to Žižek on the shelf in the JCU Library at 809.9162 YOU, or in the catalogue along with five others written or edited by Julian Young.

There has been a lot written about Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (917.30492 PIR) over the years. It’s one of those books which seems to have been discussed a whole lot more than it has been read. I’ll attempt to let you know what it’s about, without getting too much into what it all means. Perhaps I should point out that there are potential plot spoilers below - but this is a book more concerned with philosophy than plot.

Before the book really begins we are told that it’s not actually about zen, nor does it focus too heavily on motorcycle maintenance. You’ll be pleased to know that values do feature.

This book is a fictionalised autobiography based on an actual motorcycle trip Pirsig took with his son across the north of the US, into Oregon and California. The narrator and his son travel with some friends for most of the trip and we see some different personality types in action on the road. What is actually happening on the road is interspersed with little thought monologues that the narrator calls Chautauquas. These Chautauquas cover the philosophical elements of the book.

And then there’s Phaedrus. We meet the spectre, or shadow, of Phaedrus fairly early on. Phaedrus is the name the narrator gives to the person he used to be. There’s nothing mystical about this. The narrator was once another person, but was committed to a mental health facility and underwent electroshock treatment against his will. He was released with a new personality. Throughout the journey we learn of Phaedrus, his life and what led him to a mental breakdown. The idea of quality played a big part in this.

The way this book was written is interesting. In an interview, Pirsig said he was actually a computer manual writer while working on the novel and for two years would wake at 2am, spend four hours working on his book and then go to work for the day.

I’m glad I took the time to read a book that was not at all as I’d anticipated. 

While searching for a book to read on this week’s theme, I was interested to see how closely connected philosophy, psychology and religion are. Creating Heaven on Earth: The Psychology of Experiencing Immortality in Everyday Life by Paul Marcus touches on all three as it suggests ways to experience a sense of timelessness and fulfilment through mindfulness and ‘flow’.

Rather than focusing on the kind of sublime experiences that might invoke these feelings, Marcus explores how simple and even mundane activities like gardening, having a cup of coffee with a friend, attending a baseball game, listening to music, or listening to or telling a story can be opportunities for immersion and sensory transcendence. The end result is not a life devoted to personal satisfaction but one that is other-centred, thus sharing the love.

“Everything has been figured out, except how to live”, noted Sartre. Experiencing Immortality in Everyday Life seeks to show us how. 

Thursday, 13 September 2018

Vetstream Bovis Now Available

JCU Library now has access to Vetstream Bovis as part of the Vetlexicon service. This is an expanding section of the Vetlexicon package for students and educators in the veterinary field dealing with cattle.

There are over 21,000 resources for diagnosis and treatment including multimedia. Information is updated weekly, and links to a range of learning products and external sources are provided.

Vetstream Bovis joins JCU's existing suite of Vetstream products, including Vetstream Canis, Felis, and Equis.

While the database is designed for veterinarians and vet students, pet owners and animal lovers don't miss out, with over 700 factsheets across the databases. Ever wondered why your horse walks around in circles in a small area? Or how to test for food allergy in dogs? Perhaps your kitten needs to learn socialization skills? Hop on over to Vetstream to learn more about your furry family members.

Wednesday, 12 September 2018

Expedition to the Great Barrier Reef 1928-1929 - Part 5

Significance of the Great Barrier Reef Expedition
In their 2002 publication The Great Barrier Reef: history, science, heritage, James Bowen and Margarita Bowen described the 1928 expedition to the Great Barrier Reef as: “the greatest marine science venture on a global scale since the Challenger oceanographic expedition more than fifty years earlier.”[1]  C.M. Yonge’s pioneering work, particularly on coral physiology, is considered to this day to be an outstanding contribution to coral science, and the coral reef research conducted under his leadership is still considered as basic reference material. T.A. Stephenson’s work with Tandy, Spender, Fraser, Manton and wife Anne Stephenson, on the structure and ecology of the reefs at Low Isles, resulted in a detailed ecological survey on a previously unseen scale. In collaboration with his wife Anne, Stephenson also made a major contribution to the then current state of knowledge of growth and asexual reproduction of corals.[2]
Low Isles, from a survey by M.A. Spender assisted by Mrs T.A. Stephenson and E.C. Marchant, 1929. Source: Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-1929 Scientific Reports, Volume III, No. 2

The full extent of the expedition’s scientific findings were presented in seven volumes of reports and in a plethora of subsequent journal articles and books. The Scientific Reports of the Great Barrier Reef Expedition, 1928-1929 were published by the Natural History Division of the British Museum between 1930 and 1968. The majority of the journal articles were published in the decade following the expedition, however, articles reflecting on the expedition continued to appear in scientific journals until the 1980s. As well as contributing to and editing the first six volumes of the scientific reports, Yonge also wrote a popular account of the expedition that was published in 1930. A Year on the Great Barrier Reef enjoyed a wide readership, thanks to Yonge’s exceptional ability to write in such a way that satisfied both general and scientific readers.

C.M. Yonge’s book sparked a worldwide obsession with the reef in both tourists and scientists alike. The effects of this were two-fold. On the one hand, the public’s newfound awareness of the Great Barrier Reef’s wonders opened up the potential for exploitation of its resources as tourists flocked to visit the reef, upsetting its delicate ecological equilibrium. However, the book also had the effect of jolting others into an awareness of the need to work towards conserving the reef and its resources for future generations.
Sheina Marshall (centre) and C.M. Yonge (right), cleaning coral specimens, Great Barrier Reef Expedition, 1928-1929. Photo: National Library of Australia.
The success of the expedition prompted the Queensland government to commit to funding further research, and to that end, decided to use the existing expedition buildings at Low Isles to found the first Australian research station on the reef. Frank Moorhouse, who had been part of Yonge’s expedition, was appointed in a part-time capacity to manage the station. Unfortunately this venture was short-lived. In March 1934 a cyclone swept over Low Isles, destroying the laboratory and huts.[3]

The Women of the Expedition
Initially, the British press attempted to trivialise the role of the women in the expedition, particularly Yonge’s “charming young wife”, Mattie, who was reported to be mostly concerned with what clothing she would take to Low Isles.[4] The Australian press, for its part, viewed the involvement of so many women in such an undertaking as something of a novelty, although one journalist, Charles Barrett, wrote more honestly about the women of the expedition. Far from playing a purely decorative, or even domestic, role - the women of the expedition were highly accomplished in their respective fields, and did not shy away from any of the hard work, either scientific or practical. Zoologist Sheina Marshall was apparently an excellent woodworker, and took to building wooden stools with a plane and hammer to supplement the meagre furniture at the research station. Barrett wrote that even out on the reef, the women “played their part” and were “keen on doing thoroughly the tasks allotted to them.”[5] Perhaps in an effort to circumvent any frivolous comments about them, one of the women told Barrett, “We are not ornamental… We have come here to work.”[6]
Gwen Russell standing next to a giant clam, Great Barrier Expedition, 1928. Photo: Sir C.M. Yonge Collection, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority.
Additionally, those women of the expedition who were not scientists themselves, were genuine collaborators on their husbands’ work, and contributed much more than might at first be assumed. This was particularly true of Anne Stephenson, who is credited as co-author with her husband T.A. Stephenson on two articles resulting from the research at Low Isles (and on another twelve articles with him on subsequent research in South Africa and North America). Charles Barrett noted that:
“Mrs Stephenson is out on the reef assisting her husband for hours every day, and in the lab, is seen poring over coral reef charts or consulting learned tomes of some branch of marine zoology.” [7]
Anne Stephenson on the reef, Great Barrier Reef Expedition, 1928. Photo: Sir C.M. Yonge Collection, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority.
Buoyed by the involvement of their British counterparts, several Australian women seized the opportunity to visit Low Isles during the course of the expedition. Dr Gwynneth Buchanan, a lecturer in zoology at Melbourne University made a short visit, and botanist Mary Glynne made a brief survey of the Low Isles in April 1929.[8]  Freda Bage, biologist and Principal of the Women’s College at the University of Queensland (and the only female member of the Great Barrier Reef Committee), and Miss H.F. Todd, assistant secretary of the latter committee, also visited briefly.[9] Mrs A.C. Wishart, of Brisbane, whose husband was the skipper of the research vessel Luana, took the opportunity to visit Low Isles while her husband worked there.

The Great Barrier Reef Expedition was ahead of its time for its inclusion of so many women in the research party. It proved to be a catalyst for greater involvement of women in scientific research in Australia.

Trisha Fielding, Special Collections Library Officer
James Cook University Library

If you missed earlier posts in this series - you can catch up here

* Read more about the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection
** Browse the titles in the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection

[1] Bowen, J. and Bowen, M., The Great Barrier Reef: History, Science, Heritage, Cambridge University Press, Melbourne, 2002, p. 281.
[2] Yonge, C.M. ‘Thomas Alan Stephenson, 1898-1961’, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol. 8 (Nov. 1962), p. 141.
[3] Courier Mail, 7 March 1934, p. 13.
[4] Observer (Adelaide), 30 June 1928, p. 17.
[5] Barrett, Charles, ‘Great Barrier Reef: Seeking Coral Secrets’, Western Mail (Perth) 16 August 1928, p. 14.
[6] Ibid.
[7] Ibid.
[8] McCalman, Iain, The Reef: a passionate history, Viking, Melbourne, 2013, p. 271.
[9] Yonge, C.M., The Great Barrier Reef Expedition, 1928-1929, Reports of the Great Barrier Reef Committee, Vol. 3, 1931, p. 4.

Tuesday, 11 September 2018

52 Book Challenge - Week 37

It’s time to think about thinking for the sake of thought. That’s right, it’s time to get philosophical. This week we have the challenge of reading:

37. A book about philosophy 

Ok, so a book about philosophy might not inspire everyone (although we do have many key texts if this takes your philosophical fancy) so we’ll expand the challenge a little to include books that are philosophical and/or explore philosophical ideas. That should give us a lot to work with this week.

Have you missed out on hearing about the 52 Book Challenge? Catch up here.