Wednesday, 29 August 2018

Expedition to the Great Barrier Reef 1928-1929 - Part 3

Warning: Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities are advised this blog post contains images and names of people who are deceased.
Members of the Great Barrier Reef Expedition at Low Isles, 1928-1929. Photo: National Library of Australia.
Expedition Personnel
The Great Barrier Reef Expedition was divided into two sections: a biological section and a geographical section. Within the Biological Section of the expedition, three separate research groups were formed. A boat party, a shore party, and a physiological (experimental) party. The initial boat party comprised F.S. Russell, of the Marine Biological Association at Plymouth, who had co-authored a book with the expedition’s leader, C.M. Yonge, entitled The Seas; Scottish chemist and hydrographer A.P. Orr; Scottish zoologist Sheina Marshall; and Russell’s wife, Gweneth. The boat party investigated zooplankton[1], phytoplankton[2], the chemistry and hydrography of the sea water, and the conditions over the reef flat and within the mangrove.

The shore party comprised T.A. Stephenson, a zoologist and recognised authority on sea anemone from the University College in London; his wife Anne Stephenson; botanist G. Tandy, of the British Museum; and F.W. Moorhouse, of Brisbane, who was representing the Queensland Government. The shore party focused on the ecology of reefs and on the breeding, development and growth of corals and other reef animals. Moorhouse, in particular, was specifically concerned with economic products, such as Trochus[3], Bêche-de-mer[4] and sponges.
T.A. Stephenson (at right), with an apparatus for photographing corals. Photo: National Library of Australia.
The physiological party, led by C.M. Yonge, looked at the feeding and digestion of corals and reef molluscs, the significance of zooxanthellae[5] in the life of corals, the effect of sediment on corals, the calcium content of the sea, and the manner in which corals form their skeletons. This group also included Yonge’s wife, Mattie, as the expedition’s medical officer; A.G. Nicholls, of Perth, Western Australia, who was designated as C.M. Yonge’s assistant; and G.W. Otter, an English zoologist.
The centre of this photo shows a Trochus breeding enclosure, Low Isles, 1928. The two women pictured are Mattie Yonge and Gwen Russell. Photo: Sir C.M. Yonge Collection, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority.
Two later additions, Miss Sidnie Manton, of Cambridge University, and Miss Elizabeth Fraser, of London, both joined the expedition for four months and worked with the shore party. Both assisted with observations on the breeding of reef animals, and Manton also looked at the growth of corals.Yonge later wrote of Manton’s “exceptional intensity” when it came to her work, observing that as a result, “Sidnie did as much in those few months as the rest of us did in four times that period.”[6]

The Geographical Section of the expedition, which was independently funded by the Royal Geographical Society, was led by James Steers of Cambridge University, who was assisted by Michael Spender, of Oxford University. They were later joined by E.C. Marchant, a recent Cambridge graduate, who stayed for six weeks. Their aim was to advance the current knowledge on the origin of reef foundations, and to establish the relationship of the coastline to submerged reefs, cays, and continental islands. The Townsville motor launch Tivoli was chartered to make an extended cruise between Cape Melville and Whitsunday Island. Unfortunately the geographical component of the expedition was not seen as a great success.[7] The resultant survey was based mostly on observations, as the equipment required to map the coastline and islands proved too heavy for the men to carry. As a result, little new knowledge about the reef’s geological origin was obtained.

Australians in the Expedition
Although the Great Barrier Reef Expedition was led by British scientists, it was a genuinely collaborative project, and Australia contributed its own expertise to the expedition. As well as the Queensland Government’s Frank Moorhouse, who was on Low Isles for the full year, the Australian Museum sent five staff at various times throughout the year. These were: Tom Iredale, a conchologist, Gilbert Whitley, an ichthyologist, scientific cadets William Boardman and Arthur Livingstone, and Frank McNeill, a zoologist’s clerk. Aubrey Nicholls, a zoology honours student from the University of Western Australia, worked in a volunteer capacity for twelve months as C.M. Yonge’s assistant.

Left: Minnie and Claude Connolly, and their children Stanley and Teresa. Right: Harry Mossman and Paul Sexton. 
Photos: National Library of Australia.

There were other support personnel too, without which, the entire expedition might have failed. Naturalist J.E. Young’s work on setting up and equipping the research station was invaluable. Aboriginal workers were hired from the Anglican mission at Yarrabah to work at Low Isles. Andy and Grace Dabah were employed as handyman and cook respectively. Later, Claude and Minnie Connolly performed these roles. Both couples took their children with them to Low Isles for the duration of their stay. Also from Yarrabah, Harry Mossman and Paul Sexton, were hired for the full year to crew the research vessel Luana.

The Luana was a 39 foot ketch-rigged yacht with a 26 horsepower auxiliary engine owned and skippered by A.C. Wishart, who, together with another  volunteer, H.C. Vidgen, sailed the vessel from Brisbane to Low Isles. As well as providing a vital link to the mainland, the Luana enabled the “boat party” to carry out their scientific investigations both on and in the water. At times, other vessels were also hired, but the Luana proved the most reliable of them all, and Yonge thought that its name should go down in history, having helped to advance the science of oceanography.
The Luana, at Snapper Island, 1928. Photo: National Library of Australia.

Trisha Fielding, Special Collections Library Officer
James Cook University Library

If you missed Part 1 & 2 - you can catch up here

* Read more about the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection
** Browse the titles in the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection

[1] Animal plankton
[2] Plant plankton
[3] A genus of medium-sized to very large sea snails. The interior of their cone-shaped shell has a pearl-like finish and is used to make buttons.
[4] A large sea cucumber, eaten as a delicacy in China and Japan. It is also known as trepang.
[5] Photosynthetic algae that live within the cells of corals.
[6] Fryer, G., ‘Sidnie Milana Manton: 4 May 1902 – 2 January 1979’, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol. 26 (Nov. 1980), p. 329.
[7] Bowen, J. and Bowen, M., The Great Barrier Reef: History, Science, Heritage, Cambridge University Press, Melbourne, 2002, p. 275.

Tuesday, 28 August 2018

52 Book Challenge - Week 35

My, my - have we had 35 weeks in this year already? How time flies. I guess it must be time to break out a best seller, grab a cup of tea and put one's feet up for a bit.

Oh, look! The Reading Challenge for this week just happens to be:

35. A bestseller

Now, if you're wondering how to search through the library catalogue to find best sellers, then you're in luck. We just happen to have a filter on One Search for best sellers and... oh wait, sorry, no we don't have a best-seller filter. We *do* have a "Scholarly & Peer-Review" filter, but that really won't help you with this challenge.

Well, you'll just have to head to the Internet to find some recommendations. Every online bookshop worth its salt can give you a list of its best sellers (although sometimes they can be really weird - the APA Publication Manual is, as we write this, 16th on Amazon's list). And you can find "best seller" lists for different genres and markets, if you're determined to move away from the mainstream.

Have you missed out on hearing about the 52 Book Challenge? Catch up here.

Reading Challenge Week 34 - A trilogy or series

Series are awesome, aren't they? You find this great book, you fall in love with the characters and the story, the book comes to an end... but wait! There's more!

Series can develop the most passionate followers, too. For some reason, books like the Chronicles of Narnia, the Harry Potter novels, the Fellowship of the Ring series - heck, even the Twilight books - manage to inspire rabid... er, that is, enthusiastic readers who are willing to do things like get references to the books tattooed on them for posterity.

So, let's take a look at some series.

Special guest Tayla Scott (library placement student) read Lord of the Rings, by J.R.R. Tolkien.  

I’m sure by now nearly everyone has either read J.R.R Tolkien’s original Lord of the Rings trilogy (820 TOL 1C) or at least watched the films. However I was one of the few that had done neither. Surprising I know but considering the first film came out when I was five years old, I think I can be given a pardon. Yet now that I’m older, it was about time to finally see why this trilogy is so revered.

Personally, I have mixed feelings about this trilogy. Just by reading Tolkien’s work, you can see he is trying to help build one’s imagination of Middle Earth, the fictional world in which the trilogy is set. At times, the descriptive nature of the character’s surroundings can become quite tedious and a bit of a bore to read. To be fair, the prequel to this trilogy, The Hobbit, was conjured up while J.R.R. Tolkien was telling his children bedtime stories and may be an explanation for such descriptive storytelling.

I must give kudos to the actual story. All the characters are uniquely individual with world views that relate back to their identity, experiences and upbringing. You can still feel the constant fear and danger that the characters find themselves in; whether that be the journey to Mordor to destroy the One Ring or gaining trust of skeptical kings. It is the social dynamics of this world that really captivates the reader and honestly something I would like more of.

These books were not something I could immediately pick up to continue reading. I had to be in the mood or have the energy to read. With that being said, the times when I was really enthralled by the story makes this series worthwhile; especially for those who enjoy the fantasy genre and those who really (and I mean REALLY) like descriptive writing.

Rachael McGarvey read The Hunger Games, by Suzanne Collins.

I really enjoyed reading the Hunger Games series (and the movies were pretty good too).  The series (C 810 COL(S)) is based on the twelve districts located in the post-apocalyptic nation of Panem.  Each year two people from each district are selected from a ballot to complete in the Hunger Games where there can only be one winner and to win everyone else must die, seems a bit extreme but there it is!

We are introduced to the main characters in the first of three books in the Hunger Games series. Katniss Everdeen is the butt kicking heroine who volunteers as ‘tribute’ in place of her younger sister who is selected in the ballot and Peeta Mellark, the son of a baker who doesn’t know how to spell Peter.

Anyhoo, all of the tributes get dropped into the ‘arena’ which is purpose built area where the landscapes can change, the weather and rules of the game can change to suit the twisted minds of the people running the game, and murder and mayhem ensures with Katniss and Peeta doing their best to stay alive.

Book two: is the Quarter quell Hunger Games, where all the past winners have to compete (regardless of age) and it’s on like Donkey Kong again!!

Book Three: The resistance has risen and the people throughout the districts are sick of the powers that be deciding how they should live their lives and the fight is now against the ‘Capitol’ and President Snow who created the Hunger Games to keep the people in line and you guessed it, it’s on like Donkey Kong again!!!

Shannon Harmon read The Moorehawke Trilogy, by Celine Kiernan.

I found this trilogy (living at c820 KIE) interesting, especially as a part of the genre I usually read. It was tricky at first, as we begin without providing a background into the story - it launched straight into the characters returning home to find changes but, no explanation regarding what this is different to. For example, that the main character could talk to cats or that there were ghosts who interacted with castle inhabitants.

The story follows Wynter Moorehawk as she returns to life at the royal castle after 5 years exile with her father. She struggles with learning that one of her friends, Crown Prince Alberon has been exiled and wiped from existence in the country. After  Prince Razi, the illegitimate heir to the throne, is declared the official heir trouble ensues as he is fights against the prejudices that exist. After they run from the castle they  discover the crown prince has a plan to unite groups within the realm to fight his father's army. There is a lot of development with different groups and tribes and the inclusion of the main characters into one in particular. Underlying all of this, a love story develops and through adversity the characters eventually realise what the reader has seen all along.

I found the ending disappointing, I searched to see if there was another book, I felt it surely couldn't finish the way it had. It was very vague in the last (brief) chapter with a child with parents who you could not determine who the parent was or how the characters really ended up.

Library Client Survey

The 2018 Library Client Survey will be available online from Monday 27 August – Sunday 16 September 2018 for all library users including JCU students and staff, users from other libraries, visitors and the community.

This survey gives you the opportunity to express your opinions about the JCU Library’s performance in areas you think are important including resources, services and facilities.

You can participate in the survey by completing it anonymously. To show our appreciation for your time, weekly prizes will be drawn for coffee, 3D printing and bookshop vouchers with a final draw for two $250 Load&Go Reloadable Visa Prepaid Cards!

Past responses to the survey have enabled the Library to improve our collections, extend library hours, upgrade our technologies, and create better learning and social spaces.  All of this improves the library support for learning, teaching, research and scholarship. 

By completing the 2018 survey you will help to ensure that we have a dynamic Library contributing to JCU’s Strategic Intent of Creating a brighter future for life in the tropics, world-wide through graduates and discoveries that make a difference.

Click here to complete the Library Client Survey now!

Your opinions shape your Library@JCU.

Helen Hooper
Director, Library and Information Services (Acting)

Saturday, 25 August 2018

Embedding Audio in PowerPoint: A Step by Step Guide

Seeing as a lot of students are working on digi-explanations and other such presentations, we thought it was worth revisiting some information about jazzing up your slide shows.

Want to add audio to your PowerPoint slideshow?  It is an easy process and can make your slideshow impressive! Follow these steps to embed audio into your PowerPoint presentation using a PC.  In order to include narration your computer must have a microphone, speakers, and a sound card or integrated audio.
  1. Open your PowerPoint file.
  2. Click on the drop down arrow in the ribbon bar and select More Commands.

  3. Ribbon bar
  4. Select Customise Ribbon - Record Slide Show and add it to the ribbon by pressing the Add button. Click OK.

  5. Powerpoint options
  6. Go to the Insert tab and select Record Slide Show. Selecting the top button starts you on the current slide.  Clicking the lower button starts you at the beginning.
    The Clear command deletes narrations or timings, so be careful when you use it.

  7. Record slide show

  8. Your screen will show your slide in the centre and a tiny box (like the one below) in the top left.  Here you can pause your recording and move your slides forward as needed.

    When you have finished you can close the page and you will be prompted to save.

  9. Recording button

    JCU staff and students have access to a fantastic resource called  You will need to log in using your JC number (jcxxxxxx) and password.  This provides excellent online video instruction for IT, business, communication, design, and education skills. 
    JCU Library InfoHelp librarians are able to assist with basic PowerPoint questions.  A librarian is available during opening hours at the InfoHelp desk, by Chat and by our contact form.

Tuesday, 21 August 2018

52 Book Challenge - Week 34

Our last challenge gave us the opportunity to encounter many stories in one volume. This week's Reading Challenge will see us tackling the other end of the spectrum - one overarching story playing out over multiple books.

Yes, this week's challenge is:

34. A trilogy or series.

That's right, Potter Heads, it's the week when you can blitz the entire series and tell whoever is nagging you to leave the house and talk to people that you have an important assignment to work on.

Not into Harry Potter? Not a problem. It just so happens we have more books. Many books. One could say we have "a lot" of books. There's bound to be a series lurking on our shelves that will suit your tastes.

Looking for something new and need some recommendations? Well, Goodreads has collated a few. Or you could just ask other people what they like. We hear that's a great way to get recommendations.

eTG Update

Therapeutics Guidelines of Australia has advised of the benefits of their new upgrade to eTG complete. This includes updated PBS information, functional improvements and bug fixes.

Each section in eTG complete has a 'what's new' PDF specific to that field or current pharmaceutical practice. Where possible, links to professional associations are provided.

Quicklinks take the user to patient information, calculators, tables and more. The video tutorial is also available as a PDF.

As with all medical advice, please consult your doctor if you experience the symptoms described - this tool is not a diagnostic tool.

Reading Challenge Week 33 - A book of short stories.

Edgar Allen Poe, Arthur Conan Doyle, Nathaniel HawthorneWashington Irving, Kate Mansfield, Charlotte Perkins Gillman, Edith WhartonKatherine Susannah Prichard...

What do these authors have in common?

That's right, they all wrote some pretty rockin' short stories. Heck, one of the most famous literary characters of all time - Sherlock Holmes - was from a series of short stories.

Short stories really had their hey day in popularity stakes back in the late 19th/early 20th centuries, when magazines like The Strand, Pearsons and Longmans were among the hottest tickets going. But that doesn't mean that short stories aren't still being published today in fantastic publications like Meanjin and Overland. And you can still buy magazines dedicated to short fiction in the news agencies (like The People's Friend) and subscribe to journals that publish, say, science fiction, speculative fiction or crime fiction... It's just that, these days, short stories belong to a more specialised market, rather than pop culture.

However, they are, and always have been, a little piece of magic, so we were glad that this week's Reading Challenge gave us the chance to delve into the world of short fiction.

Brenda  Carter read Wilder shores: Women’s Travel Stories of Australia and Beyond edited by Robin Lucas & Clare Forster.

Although not exactly an anthology of short stories, these travel stories by a ‘who’s who’ of Australian female authors are both short and satisfying. Some are fiction, some are non-fiction; some are excerpts from longer short stories or novels, letters or diary entries. Either way, they will inspire you to read more.

With sections entitled ‘Arrivals’, ‘Away’ and ‘Journeys Within’, Wilder Shores explores journeys to, from and inside Australia. These include the stories of indigenous and non-indigenous women, migrants, pioneers and settlers, and encounters with Asia. The reasons for these journeys goes beyond the traditional ‘looking for love’ motive, with the form of travel being either real or imaginary.

Wilder Shores is the perfect collection to dip into, with each story comprising just a few pages. You can find it on the shelf at 910.4082 WIL.

I’m going to focus on just one story in this collection for reasons that will become obvious very soon. That is not to say that the other stories are not good – they are fantastic. Borges was very inventive with his method of storytelling. And while there is a great depth to his work, it’s also a lot of fun, with a sense of play throughout.

I want to talk about The Library of Babel (860A BOR 2B LAB) because it highlights the inventiveness of Borges and speaks a lot about librarians. In this story, the world is known as the library and consists of a seemingly infinite series of hexagonal rooms, filled with books. All possible books are found in the library. Every imaginal variation of every text in all possible languages, some differing only by a missing space between two words, or an additional comma. The Library of Babel sounds a bit like the Internet except we don’t physically live inside it.

The great thing about this short story is that it alludes to a librarian who is worshipped as some kind of God (about time!) and delivers some great lines such as:

“The universe (which others call the Library)…” and something that many students and librarians have muttered to themselves over the years, “I declare that the Library is endless”.

Sharon Bryan read Award Winning Australian Writing (10th ed), edited by Pia Gaardboe.

The publisher Melbourne Books came up with a scathingly brilliant idea a little over ten years ago - collate winning short stories and poetry from competitions all over the country, and make them available to the wider public by publishing them in a book.

The Award Winning Australian Writing series of books has been bringing short fiction and poetry to the book-buying public ever since. Without a publication like this, most of these works would win their prize (it's worth noting that some of the prizes come with a nice sum of money, if there are any aspiring authors out there), and then practically vanish from the face of the earth.

As an anthology goes, it's a very mixed bag. Different competitions exist for different audiences and purposes, so the poems and stories come from all parts of the spectrum, with entries by primary school students rubbing shoulders with entries from professional writers. Some of the stories are quite captivating, others are less so.

However, the book reminds me about just how short short fiction is these days. I still love reading the old stories from The Strand and similar publications when I can get my hands on them, and you could make a movie out of most of them (and a lot of people have). Most of those short stories run for at least ten pages. The stories in this collection rarely go for more than four pages.

Then again, maybe that's what people are looking for in a short story in the 21st century. The anthology lives at 820.8A AWA, if you want to take a look for yourself.

Expedition to the Great Barrier Reef 1928-1929 - Part 2

The members of the Great Barrier Reef Expedition received an enthusiastic welcome upon arrival in Australia, when the Ormonde called at Fremantle, Adelaide, Melbourne and Sydney - arriving finally in Brisbane on 9 July 1928. Mattie Yonge, the expedition’s medical officer, described the group’s reception in Australia as “such that might have been given to royalty”.[1] A veritable who’s who of Brisbane’s scientific community turned out to welcome the party at a gala dinner the following evening which gives some indication of the importance the Queensland Government placed on the expedition. Guests included members of the executive of the Great Barrier Reef Committee, the Commissioner for Public Health, the Government Botanist and the Director of the Queensland Museum, along with a number of senior university academics. Also present was Mr F.W. Moorhouse, of the Queensland Education Department, who had been seconded to the Department of Harbours and Marine by the Premier, who was to join the initial expedition party to Low Isles.
The waterfront, Cairns, 1928. Moran's Strand Hotel is in the centre of the photograph. Photo: National Library of Australia.

The following day, Yonge’s group departed Brisbane and travelled by rail to Cairns, a journey that took two and a half days. The expedition members were accommodated at A.J. Moran’s Strand Hotel for a couple of days while the last items of necessary equipment and provisions were purchased. One of the many publications that resulted from the expedition was A Year on the Great Barrier Reef, which was written by Yonge and intended for a lay audience. In it, Yonge wrote that thanks to A.J. Moran, “we gained our first introduction to the glories of the tropical rainforest in the foothills behind the city.”[2]  

It was while they were staying at Moran’s hotel that Yonge’s team experienced their first adventure in North Queensland. Moran took the Yonge’s and several others from the expedition party out to Freshwater by car to show them the rainforest.[3] Although Freshwater is now a suburb of Cairns, at the time of Yonge’s visit much of the area was still relatively untouched by progress. At one stage Moran was negotiating a steep incline when the car slid off the dirt track into a creek. Fortunately no one was injured, and after failing to push the car out, the group walked two miles to the nearest cane farm. Their next challenge was to try and explain to the Italian farmer there (who spoke no English) that they were stranded. Horses were loaned to pull the car out of the creek and the group eventually arrived back in Cairns that night, none the worse for their rainforest adventure. 
A.J. Moran's car crossing Freshwater Creek, Cairns, 1928. Photo: Sir Charles Maurice Yonge Collection, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority.

Most of the team’s scientific equipment had already been shipped from England and transferred to Low Isles before their arrival in Cairns. A volunteer naturalist named J.E. Young had supervised the design, delivery and construction of six huts at the site. These were intended to variously function as a laboratory, married and single living quarters, kitchen, toilets and bathroom. Only a “bare modicum of furniture”[4] was provided, but functional pieces of furniture were soon ingeniously adapted from packing crates and empty kerosene tins. In addition to the newly constructed buildings, there was already a lighthouse on the island, and huts for the three lighthouse keepers and their families. Though the buildings constructed for the expedition were not of a particularly permanent nature (being only timber and corrugated iron) it was expected that in the event of a cyclone, the lighthouse would serve as a refuge for the island’s inhabitants as it had survived many cyclones since its construction in the late 1870s. 
Dr Maurice Yonge is seated at a bench inside the Low Isles laboratory, 1928. Photo: Sir Charles Maurice Yonge Collection, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority.

Once final preparations were in place, all that remained was for the party to travel the final 70 km of their epic journey to the island that would become their home for the next thirteen months. Yonge wrote of his first impressions of the Great Barrier Reef:
“About noon on July 16th we sailed from Cairns on the M.L. Daintree on the forty-five mile journey to our final destination. Nothing could have been more perfect than our introduction to these lagoon seas on which so much of our time for the coming year would be spent. The alluvial flat upon which Cairns stands soon disappeared from view. We passed over the calmest of blue waters beneath a clear sky and a vivid sun.”[5]
First day on the reef, Low Isles, 17 July 1928. Photo: Sir Charles Maurice Yonge Collection, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority.

Trisha Fielding, Special Collections Library Officer
James Cook University Library

If you missed Part 1 - you can catch up here

* Read more about the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection
** Browse the titles in the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection

[1] McCalman, Iain, The Reef: a passionate history, Viking, Melbourne, 2013, p. 253.  
[2] Yonge, C.M. A Year on the Great Barrier Reef, Putnam, London, 1930, p. 24.
[3] Advocate (Burnie, Tas.) 18 July 1928, p. 3.  
[4] Yonge, C.M. A Year on the Great Barrier Reef, p. 27.
[5] Ibid., p. 25.

Friday, 17 August 2018

Book Week 2018

The Children's Book Council of Australia run a Book Week every year, celebrating the best new children's literature (and giving us a good excuse to revisit old favourites).

In 2018, Book Week runs from 18-24 August, and the theme is "Find Your Treasure".

We usually order the books nominated for book of the year, so we have quite a number of award winners (and very-nearly-award-winners) in our collection.

Which all sounds like a good reason to talk about our Curriculum Collection.

To help our Education students, we have a Curriculum Collection located in both library buildings (Townsville and Cairns). This collection is intended to be a model school library, giving our students access to the kinds of books they're likely to be using in classrooms or recommending to school students.

The best part of this collection is the literature (810s-850s), which contains a strong showing of Australian children's literature found at 820.94. It's a mixture of picture books, chapter books, YA novels and the like, and you'll never find a better introduction to Australian literature than browsing through these books.

The Curriculum Collection is available for loan to all of our members (you don't have to be an Education student), and we happen to think it's one of the best parts of the library (we raid it frequently for the Reading Challenge).

Thursday, 16 August 2018

Become a Virtual Reef Diver

Dive into the Great Barrier Reef through your computer screen and become a Virtual Reef Diver citizen scientist with this year's ABC Science Week national project.

Virtual Reef Diver is a collaboration between scientists, managers, citizens, data analysts, marine explorers and reef officers working together to record, analyse and predict coral cover on the Great Barrier Reef.

Virtual Reef Diver aims to encourage regular people to contribute to monitoring and managing the Great Barrier Reef. The data they provide will be fed into predictive models used to gain a better understanding of the ecosystem, inform management decisions, and guide future data collection.

Join the project as a:
  • Classifyer - Help classify hard coral found in underwater images
  • Photographer - Submit underwater images taken on your trip to the Reef
  • Explore - Immerse yourself in and virtually explore 360-degree images of the Reef
Every five images you classify during August will also give you an entry in a competition to win a GoPro camera.

The Virtual Reef Diver project is one of many ways to celebrate National Science Week. Read about JCU staff who are researching the Great Barrier Reef or browse the latest publications on this topic in Research Online.

Tuesday, 14 August 2018

Endnote Workshops

Are you interested in learning how Endnote software can help you organise and reference your research? The library is offering hands-on workshops in both Townsville and Cairns in the coming weeks. Find a day and time to suit you and register online.

You will learn the basics of:
  • creating a personal library of references for articles, books etc you find in your research
  • inserting references from your EndNote library into Word documents
  • creating in-text citations
  • generating reference lists for your assignments
  • outputting citations in the style your course requires
Desktop computers are available at the venue. If you wish to use your own laptop please ensure you have the latest version of EndNote installed prior to the commencement of the workshop. 

Expedition to the Great Barrier Reef 1928-1929 - Part 1

This is the first in a series of articles exploring the contribution of one of the most influential figures in the history of marine science – Sir Charles Maurice Yonge – to our knowledge and appreciation of the Great Barrier Reef.

In July 1928, a group of British and Australian scientists embarked on an expedition to investigate the greatest coral reef in the world - the Great Barrier Reef - off the coast of Queensland. Jointly funded by Australian and British interests, the expedition sought to spend a year at Low Isles, near Port Douglas, investigating the biological and geological complexities of the reef. The expedition was primarily about discovering the conditions under which coral reefs existed and flourished, however it also had an economic objective: to investigate the commercial potential of the reef’s resources.
Members of the Great Barrier Reef Scientific Expedition departing England on the RMS Ormonde, May 1928. Photo: Sir Charles Maurice Yonge Collection, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority.

At this time, there was still much to learn about the Great Barrier Reef. Theories as to the origin of coral reefs, such as those put forward by Charles Darwin and Alexander Aggasiz, remained contested.[1] The work of others, including Joseph Beete Jukes, John MacGillivray, William Saville-Kent and Charles Hedley had shed some light on the mysteries of the Great Barrier Reef, but a comprehensive scientific investigation had not yet been attempted. The formation of the Great Barrier Reef Committee in Australia in 1922 marked the start of several years of agitation by Australian scientists and government officials who were eager to see Australia at the forefront of any future reef studies.

By 1926, plans for a biological study of the Great Barrier Reef were finally in progress, though it was to be led by a group of British researchers. A total of £8,580 in funding was secured from various interested groups and the following year Dr Charles Maurice Yonge, a “highly original comparative physiologist”[2] from Cambridge University, was selected as leader of the expedition. At 27 years of age, Yonge (pronounced Young) had two doctorates from the University of Edinburgh, had completed a research residency at the respected Plymouth Laboratory, and had co-authored a book entitled The Seas, with Plymouth colleague Frederick Russell. When Yonge secured the Balfour Studentship at Cambridge in 1927 (an endowment that allowed the holder to travel to undertake original research in Biology), it made him an ideal candidate to lead the Great Barrier Reef Expedition.
Maurice and Mattie Yonge, 1928. Photo: National Library of Australia.

After many months of meticulous planning and preparation, the core expedition party of ten departed Tilbury, England, on the R.M.S. Ormonde on 26 May 1928. There was an air of excitement about the expedition, both in England and Australia, and not least because of the youthfulness of the participants. The average age of expedition members was less than 30. Yonge was 27, his wife of less than a year, Mattie, was only 24. There was considerable interest from the media in Mattie, who was the expedition’s medical officer. The Yonges were still newlyweds, and here they were embarking on a trip halfway around the world, to live and work on a secluded tropical island for a year. To the press, it was the stuff of great romance. Indeed, Charles Barrett, an Australian journalist who wrote a series of syndicated articles on the expedition, described the Great Barrier Reef as “a realm of romance and of beauty,” with “white beaches and blue lagoons, turtles shouldering their way through the sea, and palm fronds sweeping the sky.”[3]

Low Isles - Far North Queensland
The site for the proposed research project - Low Isles - consists of two separate islands which share a common coral reef foundation. The smaller of the two - an oval-shaped sand cay - is known as Low Island. The larger island is called Woody Island, and is mainly formed of coral and mangrove. The sand cay Low Island was considered an ideal base for the research because it was a purely coral island surrounded by a large reef formation which formed an excellent harbour. Dunk and Fitzroy islands were considered unsuitable because they were largely comprised of rock. Green Island was a coral island, but was already a holiday destination, and since curious tourists might have interfered with the scientists’ work, it was ruled out. There was also a lighthouse on Low Island which was manned by three lightkeepers, all of whom turned out to be helpful to the expedition, providing practical assistance and allowing the use of the lighthouse boats. Importantly, Low Isles’ proximity to the mainland meant that provisions could easily be sourced regularly from Port Douglas and Cairns.
Low Isles, far north Queensland, 1928. Photo: Sir Charles Maurice Yonge Collection, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority.

For all its practical attributes, Yonge wrote that one of the “chief delights” of the Low Isles was the magnificent view of the mainland: 
“To the north the view was bounded by Cape Tribulation, from whence, till lost to view in the direction of Cairns, extended the majestic heights of the coastal range. Further south again jutted out the great promontory of Cape Grafton, and the circle of Trinity Bay was complete.”[4]

Trisha Fielding, Special Collections Library Officer
James Cook University Library

* Read more about the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection
** Browse the titles in the Sir C.M. Yonge Collection

[1] For further general reading on these theories, see Bowen, J. and Bowen, M., The Great Barrier Reef: History, Science, Heritage, Cambridge University Press, Melbourne, 2002; also Yonge, C.M., A Year on the Great Barrier Reef, Putnam, London, 1930.
[2] Morton, Brian, ‘Charles Maurice Yonge (1899-1986)’, Archives of Natural History, 1998, 25 (3), p. 436.
[3] Adelaide Register, 7 July 1928, p. 5.
[4] Yonge, C.M. A Year on the Great Barrier Reef, Putnam, London, 1930, p. 38.

Monday, 13 August 2018

52 Book Challenge - Week 33

Thirty-three weeks into the 52 Book Reading Challenge, and the next couple of challenges really are the long and the short of it.

This week, we've got the simply delightful challenge of:

33. A book of short stories.

And this will be followed next week with the task of reading an entire trilogy or series. Whoo boy.

But let's look at the short stories first. It just so happens that we've already reviewed a few collections of short stories, so if you skim through our previous reviews, you may find something to tickle your fancy.

But if you want to find something new and exciting and different, you can take a browse through some of the different books we have in our catalogue when you go looking for "Short Stories" in the Subject begins... box on the Browse page.

Would you like some recommendations, rather than being let loose to browse (even though that's a bucket of fun)? GoodReads has a list of about a hundred recommended short story collections. Bookscrolling has a list of 25 "must read" short story collections. And The Guardian has a list of 10 short stories that its writer thinks are among the best. Somewhere in those lists you should find some inspiration.

Have you missed out on hearing about the 52 Book Challenge? Catch up here.

Print journals recieved last week

James Cook University Library has made available the following print journals on Friday among others:

The journal of adhesive dentistry - 617.675 P1 - Cairns
Time - 052 P5 Cairns and Townsville
Bulletin - 994.36 P1 and Newsletter - 994.36 P10 of the Cairns Historical Society  - Cairns and Townsville (NQ)
Westerly - 820(A) P24 - Cairns
Criminal law review - 345 P1 - Cairns
Journal de la Societe des Oceanistas - 301.299 - Townsville
The Monthly - 052 P76 - Cairns
Torres news - 305.8991509438 P1 - Cairns and Townsville (NQ)
Innisfail advocate - NQ 079.9436 P16
Bowen independent - NQ 079.943 P3
Potpourri - NQ 635.7 P1

Daily mercury  - NQ 079.9436 P7
Memoir (Geological Society of America) - 550 P7 - Townsville
The drongo - NQ 598.07234 P1- Townsville

The latest issue of Memoir is a special feature on women in the geology field, through history to the present day. Normally seen as the province of men, how have women fared in this science and what is their future in geology? Celebrate with other women in education for Blue Stocking Week.

There is a featured article on the state of our oceans in the last issue of The monthly.

Reading Challenge Week 32 - A Funny Book

What makes you laugh? Humour is a funny thing - what makes some people laugh out loud might illicit annoyed groans from others. Take the following joke, for example:

Q. What's a pirate's favourite part of the library?
A. The Aaaarrrchives.

Yes. Well.

Try some of these books instead, and see if they tickle your funny bone.

Rachael McGarvey read Piranhas Don't Eat Bananas, written and illustrated by Aaron Blabey.

First of all I just have to say, even though I’m all grown up I still love children’s books and who wouldn’t love a book about a vegetarian piranha named Brian.

All he wants to do is introduce his fishy friends to the great pleasures of eating fruit, and Brian is very partial to a banana.

Although Brian’s friends are not too keen on trying a vegetarian diet, they’ll give it a go because Brian is their friend and that’s what friends do 😊

Aaron Blabey is the writer and illustrator of Piranhas Don't Eat Bananas (Curriculum 820.94 BLAB), and the library does hold a few of his other books. I would also recommend Pig the pug who is an obnoxious doggo has to learn a lesson about sharing.

Sharon Bryan read Does it Fart: The Definitive Field Guide to Animal Flatulence? by Nick Caruso and Dani Rabaiotti.

Ask anyone except my mother and they’ll tell you that farts an inherently funny. As well as being endlessly amusing, they are also a source of scientific curiosity. Nick Caruso (ecologist) and Dani Rabaiotti (zoologist) are a couple of scientiests who have, for some time, been answering the question #DoesItFart? on that great source of scientific communication, Twitter. And they have gallantly filled a gap in our literature by providing a book that looks at several different critters from across the animal kingdom, presenting what we know so far about the flatulence of our fellow species (which can be found at C591.56).

You’ll be unsurprised to learn that cats and dogs both fart (and how), but you might be surprised to know that birds don’t. Apparently they could, if they wanted to, but their digestive systems work too quickly to allow the build up of gas.

Most mammals do fart, in theory, but there are some that have never been observed to do so – like bats. Spiders have also never been observed to fart, but many insects release gas of some description for various reasons - like a particular critter whose “farts” can incapacitate its prey. Talk about “silent, but violent”.

Brenda Carter read Once upon an alphabet by Oliver Jeffers.

The letters of our alphabet work tirelessly to make words that in turn make stories, but what if there was a story FOR each of the letters instead?

Once upon an alphabet by Oliver Jeffers is not your run of the mill alphabet book for children, but then, most picture books aren’t ‘just for children’. This one is hilarious.

Jeffers has written 26 short scenarios for each of the letters. The characters and stories are sometimes connected, which makes for a surprising and humorous twist.  There’s the regular cucumber who “watched a programme about Sea cucumbers and thought it would be a better life for him” (unfortunately he couldn’t Swim). Or the Terrified Typist whose stories had a Terrible habit of coming True…and met a Tragic end. Then there’s Cup who lived in a Cupboard, who forgot that the Counter was a long way down…and made of Concrete.

Yes, some of the humour is a little black, but it certainly makes me laugh out loud. This is an enjoyable book for school-aged children and adults, and a quick read for your weekly Challenge book!

Two new eTextbooks on Psychiatry Online

JCU Library subscribes to Psychiatry Online Premium package hosting over forty titles of books and journals, as well as a number of diagnostic tools covering the field of psychiatry.  Keep up to date with advances in this field.

Two new titles which have only recently been added to the database, so will not yet be discoverable in OneSearch are below. You will find other titles in this collection through the A-Z Databases pages from the Library.

The American Psychiatric Association Publishing
Textbook of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, Sixth Edition
The American Psychiatric Association Publishing Textbook of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, (6th ed.)

For over thirty years, the editors have published six editions, and this latest one covers most facets of neuropsychiatry, including chapters on autism, poisons and multiple sclerosis

The American Psychiatric Association Publishing
Textbook of Psychosomatic Medicine and Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry, Third Edition

The American Psychiatric Association Publishing Textbook of Psychosomatic Medicine and Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry,  (3rd ed.)

This third edition is designed for psychiatrists in general practice and clinical diagnosis and have sections on psychosocial aspects of illness, palliative care and organ transplants.